Diet for gastritis
Called gastritis inflammation of the gastric mucosa. It can proceed in acute or chronic and develops due to poor nutrition, abuse of alcohol, tobacco, constant stress, infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.
Diet for gastritis is important from the first day of the disease: enters the stomach and irritate the walls of his food can cause considerable damage. Prohibited List gastritis diet products varies depending on the type of disease.
Diet in chronic gastritis
In chronic gastritis may be a period of exacerbation and remission. In addition, making the diet diet for gastritis, it is important to know about the acidity of gastric juice - she raised or lowered.
Diet in chronic gastritis with high acidity suggests smaller meals (4-5 times a day), with the exception of products that stimulate the production of hydrochloric acid: fatty meat, fish and hearty mushroom broth, rye bread, buns and puff pastry, strong tea and coffee, alcohol , smoked, pickled, spicy, fried foods, canned meat, fatty meat. Vegetable diet for gastritis prohibited irritate the stomach radish, sorrel, cabbage, turnips, pickled, fermented and pickled vegetables.
Permitted diet in chronic gastritis with high acidity, the dried or stale bread from flour, jelly, non-carbonated water, fruit juice, cocoa, boiled and steamed beef, turkey, chicken, lean fish without skin, cream, milk, yogurt sour, cottage cheese souffle, buckwheat, rice and semolina viscous consistency, compotes, jellies, honey. Vegetable diet for gastritis this form are permitted boiled beets, potatoes, cauliflower, carrots.
If the acidity of gastric secretion is reduced, the diet for gastritis involves the exception of spices, spicy and smoked foods and foods that are digested for a long time: rye bread, pancakes, pastries, fried yeast dough, rice. Fish and meat broths, thanks to their ability to stimulate the production of gastric juice diet for gastritis resolved.
During exacerbation of gastritis diet should provide gentle treatment for the stomach: food should not irritate the mucous membrane of his or mechanically, not chemically, should not be hot or cold.
Meals during the diet for gastritis in acute and fractional shown.
The first day of acute gastritis has generally undesirable, should be limited to a decoction of wild rose or sweet tea with lemon
. Then introduced into the diet of liquid foods, meat souffle, jelly, jelly
. On the third day of the diet at an exacerbation of gastritis resolved steam cutlets, low-fat broth, mashed carrots or potatoes, meatballs, fruit compote
. After that, the list of permitted diet in acute gastritis products gradually replenished Policy: lean beef, turkey, rabbit, beef, mashed potatoes or a souffle of lean fish, cream, milk, cottage cheese souffle cooked boiled eggs, scrambled eggs, steamed, liquid semolina, pureed oatmeal, buckwheat, rice porridge, cooked with milk or with cream
. Drink during the diet for gastritis allowed weak tea, freshly-squeezed fruit and berry non-concentrated juice, broth hips
. Refined vegetable oil and butter in the diet in gastritis can be used, but only adding to the ready-made meals - fried food is excluded
In addition, the diet in acute gastritis involves the rejection of such products: raw berries, fruits, vegetables, chocolate, carbonated beverages, spices, sauces, cocoa, coffee, pastries, fresh bread, cheese, cottage cheese, sour cream.
Diet for erosive gastritis
Erosive gastritis - gastric disease, wherein on its walls are detected ulceration.
Diet for erosive gastritis eliminates fatty meat, as it is digested for a long time, sour yogurt and cottage cheese.
Diet during exacerbation of gastritis with erosion eliminates the use of any canned food, sour berries, fruits, fresh juices, alcohol, black, strong tea, yeast dough, spicy and fried foods.
Allowed erosive gastritis diet when milk and milk products, confectionery, dietary meats, cereals mucous soups, porridge, which can fill cream, butter, steam cutlets, croquettes, puddings, soufflés.
Diet for atrophic gastritis
Atrophic gastritis is considered precancerous form of the disease and is characterized by loss of glands, providing stomach secretions. Because of this shortage of gastric juice, and diet in atrophic gastritis should reduce the acidity of the juice and reducing the load on the stomach wall.
The basis of the diet for gastritis this form up buckwheat and oatmeal, low-fat fish and meat.
You can not eat foods containing crude fiber: barley, pearl barley, flour, meal, mushrooms, legumes, nuts, bran, many raw fruits, vegetables, millet, dried fruit.
Diet in atrophic gastritis provides that the temperature of the food should not exceed 50 degrees.