As with any disease, the period of post-operative intervention requires a special approach and respect for the patient. The same applies to the food they received. Everyone knows that the pain in the abdomen, salted and fried foods contraindicated, whereas vitamins - biologically active components of any diet.
What should be the diet after surgery? It plays a very important role, because the patient at this time various damaged tissues and organs. Undoubtedly, the operation is designed to save the life of the patient, but also stressful for the body, it carries considerable. Therefore, the diet after surgery is designed to minimize the damage caused to the health of the patient.
What should be the diet after surgery?
Dietary menu postoperative patients depends primarily on what the body underwent surgery. For example, there are specially designed diet after appendicitis, gallbladder removal, operations on the heart and blood vessels, etc.
In each of these diet composition of blocked and allowed several different products. For example, after diet appendicitis is used only liquid food in the first few days after surgery. A milk and solid foods, even transformed into a puree, is strictly prohibited.
Individual diet menu that can be that it is impossible for each patient is doctor on the basis of indicators of health and the type of disease. But for all patients, without exception, will be useful after surgery diet, combining the general rules of the rapid and effective recovery and return to normal life.
General rules postoperative diet: it is possible that you can not
The first 12 hours after surgery should drink only water.
Start a meal should be a puree, semi dishes, light pureed soups, porridges on water, low-fat yogurt, natural juices.
It should be very careful to introduce new products in the diet - no more than two items a day.
In the first two days after the operation must be fed in divided portions at least five times per day. The size of servings should be no more than 200 grams. The physician must indicate how much liquid is allowed to use. Preference should be given juices, water, herbal infusions, decoction of rose hips. It is not recommended to increase daily fluid intake, so as not to cause a swelling of the tissues.
When the risk of developing a variety of postoperative complications has passed, it is possible to carry out a gradual transition to the appropriate therapeutic diet (medical board). For example, a diet after appendectomy or during gastric ulcer - a table 1.
The rehabilitation period requires gentle approach, so in the diet after the surgery should not include heavy foods: nuts (in large quantities), mushrooms, sunflower seeds (they tend to clog the stomach, which greatly complicates the process of digestion), lard, fatty meats, seafood, fish. Because vegetables are prohibited: cabbage, corn, and those vegetables that cause flatulence. After surgery on the intestines and stomach are contraindicated sour fruits and berries, and citrus fruits.
As the basis of the diet after surgery, you can use a variety of soups (chicken lungs, cereals, vegetables, dairy), cereal with milk (or with contraindications - on the water). You can also use the bread in a limited number, galetnoe cookies, all dairy products, a little butter, berries, fruits and vegetables. Various diseases, however, require different cooking products. Therefore, you should consult with a physician, in what form is better to eat fruits and vegetables (boiled, baked, or can be used to grind them in raw form).
In all diets after surgery are contraindicated to the use of coffee, alcohol, cocoa, chocolate in large quantities (allowed eating chocolate no more than 50 g per week), canned, smoked and fried foods, salty delicacies, as well as any confectionery, of which consists of artificial additives.