Diet 9 - is a medical power supply system (the medical board), developed by the Soviet nutritionist Michael Pevzner for the treatment of diabetes
diabetes, mild to moderate severity. Modifications of the medical table given to patients with severe diabetes and the combination of obesity and disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. The conditions for the use of diet in diabetes 9 is normal or slightly overweight and little need for administration of insulin (from 0 to 30 units per day on the scheme). In addition, this diet can be used for infection of the joints, rheumatism, asthma, allergic diseases, diathesis. The aim is to achieve a diet 9 normal metabolism of carbohydrates in the body, providing optimal conditions for the selection of glucose-lowering therapy. Table 9 also diet promotes fat metabolism and correction fluid and electrolyte status. Thus, with a diet 9 can reach normal levels of blood glucose, cholesterol, decrease blood pressure and edema.
Basic principles of diet table 9
Diet 9 is a moderately low-calorie
. Total daily calories recommended 1900-2300
. The energy value is limited mainly due to easily digestible carbohydrates and animal fats
. It is also recommended to reduce the consumption of complex carbohydrates and vegetable fats
. Protein in the diet are not limited to, the amount corresponding to their age and comorbidity rate
. Total daily food can use about 100 grams of protein, 80 g fat, 300 g carbohydrates, 10-12 g of salt, 1, 5 liters of water
. When cooking should be preferred baking, stewing, instead of toasting
. For the preparation of sweet dishes you can use sugar substitutes
. Currently used xylitol, sorbitol, saccharin, aspartame, cyclamate, stevia grass and several other food sweeteners
. Food taken 5-6 times a day in small portions
. If the patient does not use insulin, each meal should be approximately uniform amount of carbohydrates
. In the case of insulin is assigned, the amount of carbohydrate may vary with changes in the short-acting insulin dose
. Dietary food 9dolzhna contain a minimal amount of extractives, cholesterol and maximum amounts of vitamins, dietary fiber, lipotropics
What can I eat and what can not be on a diet table 9
In this power supply system most preferred are those products which contain little carbohydrate. Cereal product is rye, wheat-protein, protein-bran, wheat 2nd grade bread, porridge from barley, buckwheat, barley, millet, oats within the normal range of carbohydrates. Meat and fish products approved for diet 9 - is a lean meat, rabbit, chicken, jelly beef, lean ham, doctoral sausage, lean fish boiled and baked form, herring soaked in a small amount. From vegetables to patients especially recommended low-calorie cabbage, lettuce, pumpkin, zucchini, cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplant. Taking into account the consumption of dietary carbohydrates allowed 9 potatoes, carrots, beets, green peas. From fruits and berries are recommended sour-sweet varieties, fruit compote without sugar (250 ml per day). Dairy products can be used only lean and sugar. Sour cream is severely limited.
On diet 9 forbidden to use foods rich simple carbohydrates, animal fats. You can not eat muffins and sweet flour products, fatty meats, goose, duck, fat ham, smoked sausage, canned meat. From fruits are not recommended rich simple carbohydrates: grapes, raisins, dates, figs, dried apricots, prunes, bananas, sugar, honey, jam, candy, ice cream. You can not drink fruit juice, sugary soft drinks. Previously, endocrinologists advised to completely abandon the semolina, rice, pasta. Today the use of these products in food is considered acceptable in a small amount.
Menu for the week on a diet 9
Sample menu for a week on a diet designed by leading Soviet 9 nutritionists. This menu is used when stationary
therapy as well as in a spa treatment of patients with diabetes.
Breakfast: Porridge buckwheat, cottage cheese with low-fat milk, coffee drink
Lunch: soup with fresh cabbage with vegetable oil, meat boiled with milk sauce, fruit jelly
Afternoon snack: an apple
Dinner: boiled fish, baked in milk sauce, schnitzel cabbage, tea
Reviews of the diet 9 rather contradictory. Doctors in a review of the diet 9 mark its effectiveness in patients without overweight and the correct choice of drugs, including insulin. Patients considered highly nutritious diet 9, varied, but not too easy to use. Patients with a small overweight in a review of the diet in diabetes note 9 weight loss by increasing the basic metabolism. This diet is rich in trace elements, vitamins, fiber, and thus support good health and ability to work during the day.
Currently, many ideas about diet for patients with diabetes do not meet this therapeutic table. Diet 9 in diabetes is considered obsolete and is rarely recommended by endocrinologists in outpatient practice. However, many of the principles of the power system used in modern diet therapy of diabetes.