The famous Soviet dietitian Pevzner developed a diet or tables used in a variety of diseases. So, the diet 1 is designed for people suffering from gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer or gastritis.
Features diet 1
This diet is divided into several tables:
Diet 1a. Provides maximum thermal, chemical and mechanical sparing the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing inflammatory activity and creates favorable conditions for the healing of erosions and ulcers. 1a diet is usually prescribed in the first 6 - 8 days exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease and in acute gastritis, or in the first days of exacerbation of chronic gastritis with low acidity. The food is steamed or boiled and served in a shabby liquid or pasty form. Completely eliminates both cold and hot dishes. Allowed: pureed liquid milk porridge and soups with the addition of butter, steam scrambled eggs, milk, jelly, broth hips and weak tea. Eating every three hours. At night, be sure to warm milk.
Diet 1b. It is prescribed after diet 1a, when the patient begins to subsidence of exacerbation of peptic ulcer or gastritis. In addition to the above foods in the diet include 1b crumbs of white bread, vegetable soups, steam fish and meat patties.
Table 1. Diet This diet is prescribed to patients after complete subsiding exacerbation of diseases of the stomach. From diet 1b, it differs in that the dishes can be prepared in the form of not shabby.
Diet Table 1: what products are allowed?
When diet 1 Pevzner recommend patients use the following types of products:
Bakery - yesterday or the dried white bread, nesdobnye and very well-baked rolls, galetnoe cookies, dry biscuits;
Soups vegetable broth, milk and cereals soups;
Lean meat in the form of steam zrazy, cutlets, meatballs and boiled tongue and liver;
Milk and dairy products (sour yogurt, fresh grated cheese, a little sour cream);
Steam omelet or scrambled eggs;
Cereals - rice, semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal. Of them can cook pudding souffle, steam cutlets, porridge and soups.
Vegetables: cauliflower, beets, potatoes, carrots, ripe tomatoes, squash, zucchini. 1 diet recipes include cooking these vegetables boiled or steamed form. When diet vegetables excluded 1a and 1b in the diet are served in a shabby.
Snacks. As a snack when dieting table 1 can be used boiled liver pate, boiled tongue, sturgeon caviar, lean and well soaked herring. Allowed salad of boiled vegetables with the addition of boiled chicken breast or lean beef. Not more than once a week, you can use a small piece of mild cheese.
Sweet dishes - baked or cooked fruits and berries, fruit drinks, jelly, mousse, candy, marshmallow, honey and sugar.
Fats - butter and vegetable oil, added in accordance with the prescription diet 1 in the ready-made meals.
Drinks - broth hips, weak cocoa with milk, weak tea, sweet fruit juices.
What products can not be used in the diet 1?
If you have a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer, and you assigned a health food - a diet of table 1 Pevsner, you must give up all foods that enhance the secretory function of the stomach. These include:
Rye bread, as well as any fresh pastries, muffins, puff pastry;
Meat and mushroom broth, vegetable broth saturated;
Sinewy and fatty meat;
Salt and / or oily fish and canned fish;
Dairy products with a high acidity, salty and spicy cheeses;
Fried or hard-boiled eggs;
Some types of cereals (corn, barley, pearl barley, millet);
It is not enough ripe fruit and berries, not pureed dried fruit;
Ice cream, chocolate;
Pepper, mustard, horseradish;
Kvass, soft drinks, black coffee, strong tea.
Recommendations for diet 1
In order to remember what foods you are allowed and which are prohibited easiest to use summary tables for diet 1, which can be downloaded from the Internet or make your own. It includes multiple columns. The first one indicates the generic name of any food, such as "vegetables". In the second column marked the ones that you can use, and the third - the ones that should be abandoned. Table 1 on the diet helps greatly facilitate the proper organization of clinical nutrition.
1 diet recipes include cooking or steamed, or boiled. During an exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease they are served in a shabby.
Not all patients tolerate milk, the use of which 1 in the diet should be about 5 cups a day. In this case, it allowed to mix milk with sweet tea too strong.
Eating should be frequent and small meals. Do not use as too hot and cold dishes.
Practice shows that one diet after two weeks leads to a marked improvement in the health status of patients. But, like any other treatment, diet table 1 requires them to a certain sequence and self-discipline. Violation of the principles of clinical nutrition, as well as the use of illegal products until the end of the full course of treatment almost immediately leads to discomfort and pain in the stomach area.