8 weeks of pregnancy
Age of the fetus at 8 weeks of gestation is 6 weeks and delay the next menstrual period 4 weeks. This period is one of the critical periods, as up to 8 weeks of pregnancy the placenta should finally emerge and take over all the functions of life support the new body. At the same time, the embryo becomes a fetus.
Changes to the fetus
All major organs and systems of the growing organism is already laid, and continue to mature and differentiate. The body of the fetus acquires a characteristic fetal position, which will keep up to the birth. The size of the fetus at 8 weeks of gestation is about 14 - 19 mm, and weight - 1 year
Intensively developing muscle, bone and cartilage, the fetus appears muscle tone. Movement future baby hands and feet becoming more intense, they can be clearly seen on ultrasound at 8 weeks of pregnancy, but the future is still a baby so small that the mother does not feel his perturbations. Hands in his development ahead of feet, they are larger and more differentiated - clearly distinguishable boundaries of the shoulder and arm, beginning to emerge phalanges themselves fingers have separated from each other, no webbing between them. At the feet of the fingers are still fused.
Fruit 8 weeks of pregnancy there is little similar to animal embryos, it is becoming more "human" appearance. For centuries there eyelashes, already well protrude upper lip, ears and nose. More clearly distinguished neck. In the respiratory system, the bronchial tree begins to take shape and the main breathing muscle - diaphragm.
Fetal stomach begins to produce small amounts of gastric juice, and kidney - urine. Intensively developing all the senses:
- In terms of taste buds are formed;
- The nasal olfactory receptors are laid first;
- Nerve fibers form the optic nerve;
- The skin - the body touch the fruit - still very thin and almost transparent, but it appears the first sensory receptors, and laid the sebaceous and sweat glands.
External genitalia are not formed - on the site of the perineum is still only a mound, and ultrasound at 8 weeks of pregnancy, it is impossible to determine the sex of the unborn child.
Changes in a woman's body at 8 weeks of pregnancy
The changes associated with pregnancy, evident more and more. The uterus continues to grow rapidly, although the stomach at 8 weeks of gestation has not yet been seen from the clothes.
The increase in the uterus for 8 weeks pregnant may notice an obstetrician-gynecologist with an internal investigation - with bimanual palpation. On examination of the cervix in the mirrors doctor may also notice discoloration of the vaginal mucosa from light pink to dark pink.
The changes apply to the mental attitude of a pregnant woman - she often becomes sentimental, maudlin and capricious, characterized by changes in taste preferences and appetite. They may be directly opposite - increased appetite, tendency to unusual types of food or constant nausea and vomiting.
Chest pregnant woman can become painful, nipples sensitive to touch. On the surface of the breast skin can shine through the superficial veins.
What you need to do is 8 weeks pregnant
If a woman 8 weeks' gestation is not yet registered for pregnancy, should do it now. It is advisable to choose a doctor who will monitor the entire pregnancy from beginning to end. For the expectant mother, especially if the first birth, the obstetrician may recommend a course for pregnant women and classes psychoprophylactic preparations for the forthcoming birth.
It is not necessary to delay the visit of experts and of lab tests. In case of any problem in the health status of their need to be addressed given pregnancy. Some types of examination and treatment for 8 weeks of pregnancy may affect the condition of the fetus. This X-ray, anesthesia and analgesia in dentistry and others. About all possible contraindications to get to know your doctor.
The uterus is steadily increasing in size and pressure on surrounding organs, it can provoke pain by 8 weeks of pregnancy. Causes of pain may be different - the tension of the round ligament of the uterus, irritation of the sciatic nerve, urinary tract infection, quite frequent during pregnancy.
It becomes more frequent urination due to the proximity of the uterus, but the pain is normal for 8 weeks pregnant at the same time should not be. Symptoms of dysuria - a dangerous sign of cystitis or pyelonephritis during pregnancy.
Isolation of 8 weeks pregnant, even a small amount of blood from the genital tract indicates the beginning of miscarriage, this situation requires urgent treatment to the doctor.