Lactulose

 Lactulose syrup
 Lactulose - a drug for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases.

Pharmacological action

Lactulose - a prebiotic, under the influence of which increases the amount of bacteria, processing carbohydrates and form lactic acid (Lactobacilli).

Formulations lactulose promote increase colonic luminal acidity, stimulate peristalsis, which increases the amount of stool (laxative effect) without affecting the mucosa, muscle, intestines.

Also characteristic of the drug to inhibit the multiplication of Salmonella in the intestine thick, it does not affect the absorption of vitamins, it is not addictive, because the intestine is almost absorbed.

Product form

Producing lactulose syrup.

Indications for use of lactulose

Drugs prescribed for lactulose chronic constipation, hepatic encephalopathy, salmonellosis (except of generalized forms, accompanied by invading the bloodstream).

Lactulose is used for infants and children up to 10 liters of detection have digestive disorders provoked by food poisoning and related putrefaction in the intestines.

Good reviews of lactulose applicable nursing, pregnant women, patients who underwent resection of hemorrhoidal nodes.

Contraindications

The instructions Lactulose indicated that the drug is contraindicated in galactosemia, hypersensitivity to an agent.

If the patient is assigned to continuous therapy (more than six months) should be kept under the control of the level of carbon dioxide, chlorine, potassium in the blood.

Instructions for use of lactulose

For the treatment of constipation remedy lactulose according to the instructions prescribed in the first three days of 15-45ml, and then switch to a maintenance dose of 10-25ml. Accepted usually one p / day. The initial dose of lactulose syrup for teens, children 7-14l. 15ml is supporting - 10ml.

Starting and maintenance doses of lactulose for infants, children under 7 yrs. the same - from 6ned. up to one year - 5ml, from one year to six - 5-10ml.

For the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy means taking two or three p / day of 30-50ml, the dose can be increased to  Lactulose - a drug for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases
 + 190 ml / day.

For the prevention of hepatic coma prescribe lactulose syrup 25ml three p / day. If there is no therapeutic effect, the patient begin to neomycin.

For the treatment of salmonellosis take 15ml means three p / day for 10-12dn., Then make a seven-day break and then repeat the course. Perhaps a third course of treatment - 30ml three p / day.

Side effects

There are reviews of lactulose that cause abdominal pain and bloating after the first dose (symptoms disappear after two days). Sometimes because of drug are nausea, anorexia, vomiting. An overdose of the drug can cause diarrhea (drug should be discontinued).





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