Silymarin - hepatoprotector herbal isolated from milk thistle fruit.
Structure and Composition
Silymarin produced in different dosage forms: tablets, capsules, suspension, syrup, oil, powder.
Active ingredient of the drug - silymarin.
Mode of action of silymarin
The drug has a regenerating, hepatoprotective, detoxification effect. According to the instructions Silymarin protects the liver tissue at different toxic lesions, it helps to restore the function and structure of the liver cells.
According to reviews Silymarin normalizes laboratory parameters during alcohol intoxication, hepatitis, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver, cholangitis. Long-term use of the drug increases the life expectancy of patients with liver cirrhosis.
Indications for use of silymarin
According to the instructions silymarin administered in the following cases:
- chronic hepatitis (particularly chronic, persistent, subacute and chronic active form);
- hyperlipoproteinemia, disorders of lipid metabolism in the body and exchange-reparative processes;
- condition after suffering a viral hepatitis;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- drugs and toxic liver damage (alcohol intoxication and alcoholism, intoxication with heavy metals, organic solvents, halogenated hydrocarbons, mushroom poisoning, drug intoxication, etc.);
- fatty liver, fatty liver;
- diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts (cholelithiasis, dyskinesia, cholangitis, cholecystitis).
Dosing and dosing regimen of silymarin
Capsules, pills and tablets on the instructions of silymarin is taken orally, without chewing, drinking water.
Dosage depends on the characteristics of the disease and the patient's age. Adults tend to take on 70-140 mg three times a day. As a maintenance therapy adult patients receive 70-140 mg twice a day.
Children receive instructions on Silymarin in a dosage of 30-100 mg three times a day. As maintenance therapy - 30-70 mg twice daily.
The efficacy of silymarin tablets reviews can be achieved with a duration of three months.
When wounds and burns used oil thistle. Pre-treated skin surface with antiseptic and put gauze soaked in oil on one or two days. Duration of treatment - 10-12 procedures.
When liver disease, atherosclerosis, ulcer 12 duodenal ulcer and stomach taking Silymarin in liquid form one teaspoon three times a day for half an hour before meals. The treatment is one month.
Silymarin powder according to the instructions recommended for children older than 12 years and adults one teaspoon (3, 5 g) for half an hour before meals up to three times a day, drinking water for two to three months.
According to the instructions Silymarin only contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to the drug.
The use of silymarin during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Silymarin on responses can be used during pregnancy and lactation. However, it is recommended before starting treatment to consult a doctor.
Side effects of silymarin
According to reviews Silymarin mostly well tolerated by patients. In some cases the laxative effect of the drug. Rarely Review Silymarin cause allergic reactions.
The suspension syrup and thoroughly shaken before use.
In some cases the use of medication to improve lipid metabolism.
In the opinion of Silymarin has no significant clinical interaction with other drugs.