Siberian larch - a large coniferous tree of the genus deciduous, pine family. The height of the tree reaches 30-40 meters, trunk diameter 80-100cm. Siberian larch distributed in the European part of Russia, the Urals, Siberia and Altai. Usually it grows in coniferous forests with Siberian cedar and Scots pine, larch forests rarely forms.
Medicinal properties of Siberian larch
Medicinal raw material of Siberian larch has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic, enveloping and purgative.
Curative effect of needles, bark, sap (resin), shoots and buds (they are collected in the spring).
Siberian larch needles contains essential oils, ascorbic acid, adhesives. It can be harvested throughout the summer, but the most useful substances in it - in late June and late August.
In the bark of this tree contains tannins, flavonoids, catechins, gum, organic acids. The Siberian larch resin contains essential oils and rosin (which is comprised almost entirely of abietic acid).
The use of Siberian larch in folk medicine
The needles used for hypertension and deficiency of vitamin C in the form of broth or water infusion. For the treatment of scurvy (and prevention) and periodontitis fresh needles of Siberian larch is chewed, it has a pleasant sour taste, rich in vitamin C and eliminates bad breath.
Young shoots of Siberian larch in the form of decoction is used to treat cough in chronic bronchitis (with the Department of purulent sputum), urolithiasis, flatulence, while worm infestations, and as a laxative. Baths of infusion of fresh branches are used in rheumatism, gout and neurological diseases.
Resin of Siberian larch has long been used to treat diseases of the oral cavity (gingivitis, tonsillitis). It has astringent, wound healing, anti-inflammatory and detoxification effect. It comprises a plurality of fatty acids (palmitic, oleic, linolenic).
Siberian larch resin can be chewed for gastritis, duodenitis and other diseases of the digestive tract. Besides resins useful in smoking, during an epidemic viral disease.
Outwardly Siberian larch resin is used as irritating and distracting agent for the treatment of rheumatism, gout, myalgia (muscle inflammation), neuralgia. Ointments resin has antimicrobial activity and are indicated for airway inflammation, abscesses, and other felon. In diseases of the respiratory system used by inhalation of essential oils of the tree.
Extracts from the bark of Siberian larch are recommended for heavy and painful menstruation, intestinal infections, diarrhea.
Compression on the basis of turpentine from this tree are shown in radiculitis, sciatica, toothache.
It has long been in Yakutia cooked fresh knots Siberian larch for 2-3 days and then the broth was used to 1 teaspoon 3 times a day to get rid of headaches, pain in the heart, with encephalitis, diseases of the kidneys and liver.
In addition, since ancient times as a medicinal remedy used mushroom growing on the trunk of the tree - "larch sponge." It was used in phthisis and pulmonary diseases. At the moment of "larch sponge" is allocated a special substance - agaritsin. That it is very good for exhausting sweating in patients with tuberculosis. Besides "larch sponge" is used as hemostatics and laxative.