Salbutamol

Salbutamol - Medicines used to stop or prevent bronchospasm, asthmatic attacks.

Pharmacological action

 Salbutamol-spray

Salbutamol affects adrenoceptors bronchi, myometrium, blood vessels. The drug increases lung capacity, stops and prevents bronchospasm, reduces the resistance in the airways.

It is also noted that under the influence of drugs dilate the coronary arteries, decreases the tone of the myometrium.

Judging by the reviews, Salbutamol does not lower blood pressure.

Product form

The drug is released in the form of aerosol, powder, solution for inhalation, tablets.

Analogs of salbutamol - Aloprol, Ventokol, Astalin, Ventolin, Salamol.

Indications Salbutamol

The drug is used to stop and prevention of bronchospasm developing bronchial asthma.

There are positive reviews of salbutamol, used for emphysema, chronic bronchitis, airway obstruction, broncho-obstructive syndrome children.

In addition, the instructions of salbutamol indicates that it can be used in gynecological, obstetric practice: the threat of premature birth, caused by a strong contraction of the uterus; reducing the heart rate of the fetus occurring during dilatation and associated with uterine contractions; for prophylaxis during operations on the pregnant uterus.

Salbutamol Guide: how to use

The tablets are usually prescribed as a bronchodilator. Children after 12 l., Adults can take 6-16 mg per day. The dosage of the testimony can be increased up to 32 mg. Paediatric use such dose: children 2-6 liters. yield 3-6 mg; children 7-12 liters. - 6-8 mg.

 Salbutamol spray

Aerosol Salbutamol is effective in bronchospasm, asthma attacks. Adults are recommended to stop the attack once injected 0, 1-0, 2 mg (equivalent to 1-2 doses) for children - 0, 1 mg.

To prevent attacks adults should be injected at 0, 2 mg means 3-4 times a day; children - 0 1 mg, also 3-4 times per day.

If attacks occur during exercise, half an hour before her children are advised to inject 0, 1 mg of the drug, adult - 0, 2 mg.

Powder for inhalation using the same as an aerosol, but doubling dose.

Solution for inhalation Salbutamol used 3-4 times daily in a dosage of 2 and 5 mg. By indications dose can be raised to 5 mg.

To avoid hypokalaemia which can trigger the use of salbutamol, it is necessary to constantly monitor the level of potassium.

side effects

Salbutamol can cause moderate tachycardia, nausea, hypokalemia, headache, dizziness, vomiting, collapse, hypotension, urticaria.

There are reviews of salbutamol, indicating that after the use of the drug may experience tremors, muscle spasms, trembling inside, paradoxical bronchospasm - due to irritation of the mucous membranes.

Contraindications

Salbutamol and analogues not indicated for patients with threatened abortion in the first two trimesters, when premature detachment of the placenta, toxemia, or bleeding in the third trimester.

Children up to two years, patients with hypersensitivity to the drug agent is contraindicated.

Patients with cardiac arrhythmias, myocarditis, aortic stenosis, hypertension, diabetes, glaucoma, congestive heart failure, tiretoksikozom take Salbutamol with caution.





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