Salamol

Salamol - a drug used to relieve bronchospasm.

Pharmacological action

Salamol acts on receptors bronchi, blood vessels, myometrium.

 Salamol inhaler

The active substance Salamol - salbutamol, which stops and prevents the appearance of spasms in the bronchi, increases lung capacity, reduces the resistance in the airways.

Action Salamol retained for three hours after application.

Product form

Salamol produced in the form of an aerosol.

Indications Salamol

The drug is prescribed for patients with asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - to prevent and stop the attacks.

mode of application

Babies after 12 liters. and adults to stop the attack to do 1-2 injections -100-200 mcg salbutamol.

For the prevention of attacks of asthma flowing in a light stage, make 1-8 injections per day (for 1-2 doses at once). In asthma of moderate severity Salamol used at the same dosage, but complement it with other drugs against asthma.

If the asthma attacks occur during exercise, to prevent them recommended half an hour before injecting a dose of 1-2 load Salamol.

Salamol used in pediatrics - children 2-12 years of age at the beginning of an attack of asthma or to prevent an asthma attack occurring during exercise or under the influence of the allergen is injected 100-200 micrograms of the drug (1-2 doses).

Salamol daily dose - 800 mg (8 doses).

The inhaler is recommended to periodically clean - at least once a week. For this cartridge is removed from the plastic case, and the cap holder is rinsed with lukewarm water, well dried without heating devices. Dip into the water bottle is impossible.

Revisit the approach to treatment is necessary in case the usual dose Salamol become less effective or the time of its action reduced.

side effects

 Salamol-spray

After use, the patient may feel Salamol finger tremor, headache, nausea, anxiety, chest pain. Also, the patient may begin insomnia, blush face pressure to rise.

Salamol can cause cough, paradoxical bronchospasm caused by irritation of the oral mucosa.

Children salbutamol may cause an increase in motor activity, excitation, arrhythmia.

A serious danger to the patient may be hypokalemia, which in some cases is salbutamol. The risk of its occurrence increases with the drug combination with diuretics, corticosteroids, xanthine derivatives.

Do not rule out the occurrence of allergic reactions, bronchospasm, collapse, erythema, urticaria, edema, nasal congestion, hypotension.

Contraindications Salamol

Salamol should not be prescribed to patients suffering from arrhythmias, valvular heart disease, tachyarrhythmia, aortic stenosis, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, ischemic heart disease, myocarditis, decompensated diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, hepatic / renal failure, hypersensitivity to salbutamol.

Salamol is contraindicated for children under two years, pregnant women.

Under the supervision is recommended to patients with hypertension, chronic heart failure, pheochromocytoma.

You can not take both Salamol and selective beta-blockers, such as propranolol.

It is undesirable combination of salbutamol with theophylline and other xanthines, levodopa, means for inhalation anesthetics, tricyclic antidepressants, MAO inhibitors, anticholinergic drugs.

Because Salamol can enhance the action of drugs, stimulants of the nervous system, side effects of cardiac glycosides, thyroid hormones.

The efficacy of nitrates and means of high pressure under the action of salbutamol reduced.





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