Rocephin - antibacterial drug.
The pharmacological action of Rocephin
Rocephin belongs to the group of cephalosporins, its active ingredient - ceftriaxone.
The antibiotic inhibits the activity of staphylococci atsinetobakterov, Enterobacteriaceae, E. coli, Klebsiella, morakselly, Haemophilus influenzae, Morganella, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, meningococcus, Proteus, serratsy, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacteroides, Clostridium, peptostreptokokki, tsitrobakter, Shigella, Providencia, Salmonella.
Resistant to ceftriaxone metitsillinoustoychivye staphylococci, enterococci and many types of Streptococcus from group D.
Rocephin produced in powder form for dilution of injections and intravenous administration.
Rocephin is prescribed according to the instructions in peritonitis, gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases, respiratory diseases, infections, afflicting the joints, bone, soft tissue or skin, the urogenital area.
There are good reviews about Rocephin, confirming its efficacy in endocarditis, chancroid, bacterial meningitis, syphilis, Lyme disease, salmonellosis, typhoid fever.
Antibiotics can be used to prevent the development of postoperative infections.
Rocephin Guide: how to use
Intramuscularly and intravenously children after 12 l., Adult Rocephin administered 1-2 g per day. Permissible daily dose - 4 g
Newborn babies aged up to two weeks may be administered 20-50 mg / kg Rocephin; Children up to 12 liters. - 20-80 mg / kg. If the child's weight exceeds 50 kg, can be administered medication, hoping dosage for an adult.
If the calculation turned dosage greater than 50 mg / kg, administered intravenously antibiotic Rocephin for half an hour.
To treat gonorrhea is administered intramuscularly once 250 mg.
To prevent the development of complications after surgery administered once 1-2 g of Rocephin 0, 5-1, 5:00 before the operation. If the planned manipulation of the rectum and colon, it is advisable to introduce additional drugs from the group of 5-nitroimidazoles.
For the treatment of bacterial meningitis for children up to 12 liters. and newborn administered 100 mg / kg one time a day. The treatment lasts for 4-14 days, depending on the pathogen.
For infections of soft tissue and skin are administered 50-75 mg / kg per day. Acceptable daily dosage - 2 years
For treatment of other severe infections is administered every 12 hours 25-37, 5 mg / kg Rocephin (not more than 2 g).
In otitis media singly administered intramuscularly 50 mg / kg (no more than 1 g).
For powder injections Rocephin diluted lidocaine 1%, and for infusion - dextrose, levulose and sodium chloride solution.
Enter Rocephin is recommended only in a hospital. When long-term therapy should be monitored indicators of peripheral blood, kidney and liver.
Immunocompromised patients and the elderly may need vitamin K during treatment with Rocephin.
Antibiotics can cause rashes and itching on the skin, fever, swelling.
Because of intravenous Rocephin can begin phlebitis, pain can also be felt as far as passing a solution of the vein. After intramuscular injection may feel pain at the injection solution.
There are reviews of Rocephin, pointing to the likelihood of dizziness after taking the antibiotic, headache, nausea, flatulence, diarrhea, stomatitis, vomiting, enterocolitis, thrombocytosis, leukopenia, anemia, bleeding from the nose, candidiasis.
Rocephin is contraindicated for instructions if you are hypersensitive ceftriaxone and the rest of cephalosporins, carbapenems, penicillins.
Under the supervision of the drug is administered to newborns if they have hyperbilirubinemia, premature babies, patients with hepatic or renal insufficiency, colitis or enteritis, ulcerative colitis, pregnant or nursing women.
During treatment is not desirable to use ethanol. If reviews of Rocephin, called after such a combination of shortness of breath, tachycardia, headache, nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, reduced pressure, redness of the face.
Rocephin is not desirable to combine with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs, warning platelets from sticking together, "loop" diuretics, nephrotoxic drugs and other antibiotics.