Rinonorm - vasoconstrictor drugs for local application in ENT practice.
The composition and the form of Rinonorma
The drug is released in the form of a nasal spray 0, 05% and 0 to 1%. 1 ml of solution contains an active ingredient - 0 Xylometazoline hydrochloride, 5 mg and 1 mg respectively.
Auxiliary components: glycerol 85%, citric acid monohydrate, water for injection, sodium citrate dihydrate.
In bottles of 10 ml with a metering device.
Pharmacological action Rinonorma
Rinonorm - alpha-agonists for topical application. According to the instructions Rinonorm reduces the swelling of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx, congestion and detachable secret. Severe local effect of the drug is a few minutes after its application and persists for 6-8 hours. Restored patency of the nasal blood vessels, Eustachian tube and the openings of the sinuses. The state of health of the patient is improved due to the reduction of air permeability of the nasopharynx, reduce the risk of complications caused by the stagnation of mucous secretion.
Dosing and dosing regimen Rinonorma
According to the instructions Rinonorm intended for topical application. As a rule, children over ten years and the adult prescribe a nasal spray 0, 1% of a single dose in each nasal passage. Apply the product should not be more than three times a day.
Children aged two to ten years is prescribed Rinonorm nasal spray 0, 05% of a single dose is not more than three times a day.
The maximum daily dose - 7 times per day one dose. The interval between the use of the drug should not be less than six hours.
According to reviews Rinonorm should not be used longer than seven days. This will help to avoid complications in the form of renewed symptoms.
According to the instructions Rinonorm shown as a symptomatic treatment for the following diseases:
- acute otitis media;
- acute bacterial or viral rhinitis;
- acute allergic rhinitis;
- exacerbation of chronic sinusitis or acute sinusitis.
Also on the guest Rinonorm effective for patient preparation for diagnostic procedures in the nasal passages.
The instructions to Rinonormu contain the following contraindications:
- angle-closure glaucoma;
- Children under two years (nasal spray 0, 05%);
- Children under ten years (nasal spray 0, 1%);
- atrophic rhinitis;
- hypersensitivity to the active ingredient of the drug;
- state after hypophysectomy.
Be wary appoint Rinonorm according to the instructions at:
- severe heart disease;
According to reviews Rinonorm can not be combined with tricyclic antidepressants and MAO inhibitors. Use caution when combined with the drug bromocriptine.
Application Rinonorma during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Rinonorm during pregnancy is contraindicated. When breastfeeding drug should be used with caution.
According to reviews Rinonorm cause the following side effects:
- an increase in blood pressure, arrhythmia;
- irritation of the mucous membranes of the nose, dryness and burning sensation;
- irritability, insomnia, headache;
- skin reactions, nausea.
In the opinion of Rinonorm rarely cause an overdose, especially in children. In the case of an overdose the following symptoms may occur:
- increased blood pressure;
- loss of consciousness.
In case of overdose should spend symptomatic therapy.
The drug is stored in a cool dark place for no longer than 36 months. After opening the vial can not be stored longer than 12 months.