Resorcinol (international name - Resorcinol) refers to a group of antiseptics, has a strong antimicrobial effect and provides dermatoprotektornoe and protivoseboreynoe action. Resorcinol has a basic application as a disinfectant in the treatment of skin diseases.
Resorcinol has similar properties with phenol and pungent smell, and may not be used on mucous membranes.
Structure and Composition
The main active substance - a meta-dihydroxybenzene.
Resorcinol comes in powder form for external use in carton of 1 g of ointment and 5-10% in a tube, placed in a cardboard box.
Pharmacological properties Resorcinol
The use of resorcinol as a disinfectant must be performed in low concentrations - 0, 25-1, 5%. The solution of the drug has epithelizing and healing effect and stimulates the regeneration of tissue and eliminates inflammation. Also at sites of inflammation solution acts as an astringent and antiseptic.
In cosmetology Resorcinol is used as a cauterizing and exfoliating properties acting as a scrub for deep cleansing of the skin.
Resorcinol pharmacology incompatible with hydrogen peroxide, camphor, menthol and an alkaline substance type.
Resorcinol appointed physician in various infectious, viral and inflammatory skin diseases: eczema, dermatitis, seborrhea, sycosis, fungal skin lesions, athlete's foot, itching.
The drug may be part of a complex therapy (together with antibiotics and hormones) for the treatment of acne and alopecia.
Instructions for use of resorcinol
According to the instructions Resorcinol applied topically in the form of an alcoholic solution of 2% or 5-10% ointment. When acne medication is applied in small quantities on a special night with the addition of resorcinol alcohol (especially alcohol required when pink acne).
When applied to the crude resorcinol skin, it can acquire a red or purple color.
The preparation possesses potent antiseptic properties, so it is unacceptable contact with mucous membranes in the digestive system and the respiratory tract. In case of contact with eyes resorcinol necessary to wash the mucous membranes with copious amounts of water, and for poisoning the digestive organs should immediately do gastric lavage.
Resorcinol not be used in conjunction with salicylic acid, magnesium oxide and sodium bicarbonate. Medicinal properties of the drug disappear when interacting with the yellow oxide of mercury, phenyl salicylate, and antipyrine.
In accordance with instructions in the form of ointments Resorcinol be diluted in a solution of ethanol and water, and can also add ethyl ester.
Resorcinol is contraindicated if you are hypersensitive and hypersensitivity to the drug, chemical and thermal burns, deep skin lesions, pregnancy and breastfeeding, childhood.
With the drug should be used cautiously in patients with sensitive skin, as well as a teenager in the period of intensive hormonal development.
Side effects of resorcinol
Resorcinol as toxic (like phenol) at the wrong concentration may cause burns, headaches and dizziness, nausea, vomiting, sweating, increased heart rate, cyanosis, convulsions and spasms, loss of consciousness.
In some cases, patients may experience allergic reactions - redness and itching of the skin, dermatitis, bronchospasm, urticaria, angioedema.