Phenoxymethylpenicillin - synthetic penicillin antibiotic group.
The pharmacological action of penicillin
Phenoxymethylpenicillin - acid-fast preparation which bactericidal effect. Reduces the effectiveness of contraceptives, increases the risk of bleeding.
The mechanism of action is to reduce phenoxymethylpenicillin formation rate of the cell membranes of bacteria by inhibiting the intestinal microflora and reduce the formation of vitamin C.
Phenoxymethylpenicillin is available in three forms: Tablets, powders for suspension, syrup.
The drug acts on the penicillin-sensitive micro-organisms, and diseases that can be caused by them, such as scarlet fever, pneumonia, bronchitis, tetanus, sore throat, infection of the soft tissue, botulism, gonorrhea, syphilis, anthrax.
According to the instructions to penicillin it can be used as a means of preventing bacterial infections after surgery, when outbreaks of scarlet fever, diphtheria carriers of.
Instructions dentists: how to use
Dentists accept patients inside for 30-50 minutes before eating. For patients under the age of 12 years the single dose ranges from 250 to 1000 mg per day maximum permissible 500-1000 mg. For children, a dose adjustment is required, depending on the age and weight. According to the instructions dentists this ratio is 15-35 mg / kg. It is also worth noting that the children preferred the drug as a solution.
Typically, the duration of treatment is one to two weeks or more.
Side effects of penicillin
Phenoxymethylpenicillin can cause various allergic reactions, such as urticaria, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, disorders of the digestive system (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting), or pharyngitis, which is caused by the action of the preparation on the mucous membrane of the patient. In case of side effects to the drug you must immediately stop taking it.
Contraindications to the use of penicillin
Dentists should not be taken in case of hypersensitivity to penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, if a patient is sick aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, gastrointestinal diseases.
There are also reviews of dentists that prolonged or repeated use, can cause the development of superinfection, that can develop from the drug-resistant bacteria and fungi Phenoxymethylpenicillin.