Peritol (international name - Cyproheptadine) refers to a group of antihistamine drugs, and the direction of action to eliminate allergic reactions of various etiologies. The drug has a sedative, antiserotoninovoe and antiallergic action.
Structure and Composition
The main active ingredient - cyproheptadine hydrochloride, 4 mg.
Auxiliary components: potato starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, talc, gelatin.
Peritol available as 4 mg tablets in a carton of 20 pieces. and syrup in dark bottles of 100 ml.
Auxiliary components syrup Peritolum are sodium hydroxide, acetic acid, aromatic additive, ethanol, colorant E110, purified water.
Pharmacological action Peritol
Peritol is an antihistamine receptor blocker with a pronounced anti-allergic effects, particularly evident against dermatitis and irritants that cause it.
The drug improves the appetite, eliminates the increased secretion of growth hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone.
Positive feedback has Peritol as a drug with sedative effect, as well as having a preventive action before the appearance of symptoms of allergies.
Peritol indicated for allergic reactions of various etiologies, including the dermatitis, urticaria, angioedema, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, hay fever, serum sickness.
Good reviews on Peritol as a means for the prevention of seasonal allergies and allergic skin reactions.
The drug is indicated for use in the toxicoderma, eczema, migraines and loss of appetite.
In the combined therapy Peritol effective for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis type.
Instructions for use Peritol
According to the instructions assigned Peritol inside 1-2 tablets or 10 ml of syrup 2-3 times per day before going to bed (the drug has a sedative effect). In chronic urticaria type preparation is set at 6 ml, 2 times a day, or 5 ml of syrup.
When migraine attacks Peritol should take 4 mg every hour for 3-5 hours.
In the combined therapy Peritol may be appointed for the treatment of anorexia in a dosage of 12 mg 1 time a day, or 10 ml 2-3 times a day.
For adult patients, the daily dose should not exceed 30-32 mg.
In accordance with the instruction Peritolum administered to children up to three years in the form of syrup in a dosage prescribed by the attending physician. The daily dose of syrup for children under 3 years should not exceed 15 ml. C 7 years drug is given 4 mg per day, 14 - 8-12 mg per day.
Patients with liver disease and kidney failure need to reduce the dosage Peritol.
The drug is recommended to take in the evening, as it reduces psychomotor response and dulls attention. Patients working on hazardous sites, and drive a vehicle, you should limit your activities.
Peritol contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to the appointment to its components, renal failure, prostatic hyperplasia, glaucoma, closed-type, pregnancy and lactation, at the age of 3 years, as well as kidney diseases associated with urinary retention.
Be wary appointed drug in the elderly and patients with mental illness.
Side effects Peritol
Peritol can cause drowsiness, apathy, anxiety, nightmares and sleep disturbances, visual hallucinations, dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting. In the long course of treatment may appear eczema.