Oregano - herbaceous perennials belonging to the family Labiatae.
The plant often takes the form of dwarf shrubs and creeping branched rhizome. Stems reddish in height from 30 to 90 cm, soft-hairy, erect, four-sided, often branched at the base.
The leaves of the plant are ovate oblong shape, in length from 2 to 4 cm, petiolate, opposite, entire, dark green with a translucent yellow dots - efirnomaslennichnye cancer. Below are a lighter shade, myagkoopushennye short hairs.
Flowering oregano small, clustered in a complex Semiumbels flowers lilac-pink, sitting in the axils of the bracts. Flowers on top of the stem to form a spreading corymbose panicle.
The fruits of the plant are the four nuts, each with a length of 0, 5 mm round-ovoid.
The plant has a pleasant aroma.
It is found on the territory of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia (except for the Far North). Growing shrubs in the steppe meadows and dry meadows.
The chemical composition of marjoram
Flowers and dry grass oregano contain essential oil, which included the presence of phenol (carvacrol and thymol), an aromatic alcohol. The plant also contains free alcohol, tannins, bitritsiklicheskie seksviterpeny, bitter substances, flavonoids and ascorbic acid.
The seeds of the plant contain irnoe oil.
The pharmacological properties of oregano
By the beneficial properties of oregano can be attributed calming, analgesic, diaphoretic, laktogonnoe, expectorant, diuretic and analgesic effect. Preparations on the basis of plants and improve the bronchial secretion of digestive glands, increase the tone of the intestine and increase its peristalsis.
Application properties of oregano in medicine
In scientific medicine is widely used sedative useful property oregano. It is used in the neuroses, nervous disorders as a sedative, insomnia. Also, the properties of oregano is used in intestinal, flatulence, enterocolitis, and antacid gipogastritah.
Plant used as an expectorant and bronchitis bronchiectasis, and as a means for improving appetite.
Preparations based on marjoram prescribed for hemorrhoids, jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, migraine, cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia during, and as a sedative.
If women's diseases, especially in the post-partum period is used hemostatics property oregano. It is used to increase lactation, painful menstruation and to relieve symptoms during menopause.
Infusion plants take in chronic pharyngitis, whooping cough, sore throat, chronic tonsillitis. The infusion is often used for inhalation.
Sweating is a strong tea of the herb.
External plant is used in rickets in children and allergies (take a bath). When suppuration, abrasions, some skin diseases and inflammation of the lymph nodes of the plant do lotions.
Contraindications to the use of oregano
Preparations based on oregano contraindicated in pregnancy, have abortifacient effects
Also, oregano is contraindicated in hypertension, with severe diseases of the cardiovascular system in chronic gastritis (giperatsidnyh form).