Lugol solution - the preparation of the molecular iodine, used mainly for irrigation or lubrication of the mucous membrane of the larynx, pharynx and oral cavity in infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Lugol solution has antiseptic, antifungal and irritant properties.
For the preparation of the drug using a 10% calcium iodide, iodine and 5% to 85% water. Lugol solution with glycerol comprises 1% iodine and 2% potassium iodide, 3% water and 94% glycerol.
Lugol's solution is active against most Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms, pathogenic fungi. Potassium iodide improves and accelerates the dissolution of iodine, while glycerol smyagchayusche acts on the affected areas.
Lugol instructions recommended in the following cases:
- in infectious and inflammatory diseases of the larynx and pharynx (tonsillitis, sore throat);
- when angular stomatitis (perleches);
- for the treatment of purulent otitis media;
- in atrophic rhinitis;
- for the prevention of diseases of the thyroid gland caused by a low content of iodine in the environment (goiter)
- varicose and trophic ulcers;
- for the treatment of infected wounds and burns;
- for processing fresh chemical and thermal burns;
- with tertiary syphilis;
- for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.
Lugol solution should not be used in case of hypersensitivity to iodine.
Instructions for use Lugol
Lugol produced in the form of a solution and spray.
Local drug is used for irrigation or lubrication of the mucous membrane of the throat, mouth, pharynx, 4-6 times a day for
nasal irrigation - for 2-3 months, 2-3 times a week for washing and instillation into the ear - for 2-4 weeks.
In surgical practice Lugol, the application takes place as necessary, to the affected areas is applied gauze soaked in the preparation.
When an epidemic goiter Lugol used inside - 1 time per day 1 drop for 3 weeks. Such courses should be repeated 2-3 times at 20-30 day intervals. To protect against radiation drug is administered orally for 3 weeks, twice a day for 10 drops.
Lugol children usually prescribed for the treatment of the mucous membrane of the throat and mouth 2-3 times a day for 2-3 days. For the convenience of the treatment of children is recommended to use the drug as a spray.
Application of Lugol could trigger yodizma phenomenon, manifested in the form of cold, salivation, urticaria, dry skin, contact dermatitis, itching, burning, bronchospasm, vomiting, nausea.
Lugol solution with glycerol prohibited to use together with disinfectant, in particular hydrogen peroxide. Store this medication in a dark, cool and dry place.