Ivadal - a synthetic drug with a rapid hypnotic effect, improves the quality and duration of sleep.
The active substance zolpidem hemitartrate Ivadala-. It has sedative and slightly pronounced anticonvulsant, anxiolytic and central muscle relaxant effect. The drug reduces the number of night awakenings, and latent phase of sleep accelerates the time to fall asleep and increases the duration of sleep and improve its quality.
Ivadal acts quickly, the peak concentration in some cases coming in half an hour, it is not addictive and sedating day.
Ivadal produce as white oblong film-coated tablets. Each tablet contains 10 mg zolpidem tartrate. Excipients - lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, sodium carboxymethyl starch. 7 pieces in a blister, 1 blister packs in a carton box; 10 pieces in blister, 2 blisters in a carton box; 20 pieces in blister, 1 blister packs in a carton box;
According to the instructions Ivadal used for long or situational sleep disorders:
- Night and early awakenings;
- Difficulty falling asleep.
Before applying ivadal be the cause of sleep disorders. If improvement does not occur within two weeks, it shows the causes of mental illness or depression, and the drug should be discontinued.
Note that the application must be able ivadal for uninterrupted sleep for at least 7 hours.
Ivadal of instruction is contraindicated in:
- Sleep apnea;
- Severe acute or chronic liver failure due to the risk of encephalopathy;
- Acute or severe respiratory failure;
- Congenital galactosemia, a syndrome of malabsorption of glucose or galactose, as well as deficiency of lactase;
- In the first trimester of pregnancy and lactation;
- Hypersensitivity to the drug.
Due to the lack of clinical data Ivadal not prescribed to children under 18 years.
According to the instructions Ivadal Be wary of:
- Respiratory failure;
- Myasthenia gravis;
- Abnormal liver function or kidney;
- Drug addiction in history;
- Drug abuse and other forms of addiction.
Instructions for use ivadal
Ivadal taken immediately before bedtime for adults up to 65 years - 10 mg, older - 5 mg. Always start with the lowest dose, the maximum dose should not be increased more than 2 times.
When situational insomnia drug use within 2-3 weeks, but not more than one month.
Cancel Ivadal gradually to reduce the possibility of rebound insomnia.
When transient insomnia, the recommended duration of reception - 2-5 days, the gradual removal of the drug is needed.
After receiving a course of ivadal reviews may be some reduction in hypnotic and sedative and effects.
Side effects when using the drug depends on the individual response and the dose received.
The most common side effects with ivadal for reviews include:
- The appearance of fatigue;
- The occurrence of abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting;
- Daytime sleepiness;
- Strengthening of insomnia;
- Muscle weakness;
- The feeling of intoxication;
- Headache or dizziness.
Very rarely occur angioneurotic edema, pruritus, disorders of libido, rash, urticaria, development of addiction, diplopia.
Side effects with the use of ivadal reviews are observed more often in the elderly.
Ivadal contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy. In the third trimester of drug can be used, but in minimal doses, due to a possible reduction in blood pressure and respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn.
During the period of breast-feeding is not recommended to use the drug, even though the drug concentration in breast milk is low.
Overdose Ivadalom highly undesirable because of the possibility of coma.
Other symptoms of overdose - drowsiness, depression of the central nervous system and respiratory depression, hypotension and ataxia.
In an application ivadal with antitussives, opioid analgesics, barbituraami, antidepressants, sedatives, and antihistamines, benzodiazepines, neuroleptics, clonidine, ethanol may develop symptoms of depression of the respiratory center and the central nervous system. While the use of clozapine may develop collapse, cardiac arrest or breathing.
According to the instructions Ivadal incompatible with alcohol.
Ivadal refers to the list of drugs B. Shelf life - 4 years.