Insulin

 Insulin
 Insulin - a hormone-based preparation of pancreatic cancer.

Pharmacological action

Insulin, which is in our blood - the hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism, lowering blood sugar, which helps metabolize glucose.

The delivery of insulin outside person needs when it ceases pancreas to produce sufficient amount or generates too much. The level of insulin in the blood of a healthy person - 3-20mkEd \ mL. When deviations from the norm in the lower part of developing type 1 diabetes, and with increased insulin developed type 2 diabetes.

Artificial insulin for medical purposes produced from pancreas glands of pigs, cattle, and using genetic engineering.

Product form

The drug is released in the form of a solution in 1 ml containing 20, 40 and 80 IU of insulin.

Indications for use Insulin

The main use of the drug - treatment of diabetes mellitus type 1. In some cases, it is used for diabetes type 2.

A small dose of insulin (5-10ED) is used for the treatment of hepatitis, cirrhosis, in the initial stage, with exhaustion, abrasions, acidosis, malnutrition, hyperthyroidism.

The drug can be used in nervous exhaustion, for treating alcoholism, some forms of schizophrenia.

mode of application

 The dose of insulin
 Basically, the drug is administered into the muscle or under the skin, in severe cases, coma diabetic it is administered intravenously.

The required dose is determined individually based on the results of analyzes, including Information about the level of sugar, insulin levels, so you can bring only average permissible limits.

The required dose of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus ranges 10-40ED per day.

In diabetic coma per day may be administered subcutaneously at most 100ED, and when administered intravenously - no more 50ED per day.

For other indications prescribed drug in small doses - 6-10ED / day.

For insulin syringe is used special, with built-in needle design comprising administering all its contents without a trace, allowing you to stick to the exact dosage of the drug.

Before typesetting into a syringe of insulin as a suspension contents of the vial should be shaken to form a uniform slurry

Typically, the daily dose is administered in two or three doses. Prick do for half an hour, an hour before a meal. The action of insulin, a one-time dose of his starts in half an hour, an hour and lasts 4-8ch.

The action of insulin intravenously begins after 20-30min., Blood sugar drops to the original after one or two hours.

side effects

When administered subcutaneously drug may develop lipodystrophy. Also, the drug can cause an allergic reaction.

Increased insulin because it can lead to overdosing hypoglycaemic shock. Symptoms: excessive salivation, sweating, weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, palpitations, rarely - coma, convulsions, delirium, loss of consciousness.

Contraindications Insulin

Insulin is contraindicated in: acute hepatitis, jaundice, hemolytic, liver cirrhosis, renal amyloidosis, urinary stone disease, decompensated heart diseases, ulcers, duodenal ulcers, gastric diseases accompanied by hypoglycemia.





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