Verbena officinalis - a perennial plant belonging to the family Verbenaceae.
It grows mainly on dry meadows of Eastern, Central and Southern Europe.
Blossoms in the first year of life - in August. Verbena flowers collected in the many long spike inflorescence-panicle. The plant can reach 60 cm in height. In October, the plant gives off.
The chemical composition of Verbena officinalis
Flowers and grass verbena contain essential oil, slime and bitterness, steroids (sitosterol), tannins, aukubin, verbenamin, flavonoids (artemetin), triterpenoids (ursolic acid, lupeol), silicic acid, vitamins, micro and macro, iridoidglikozid (verbenalin ) hastatozid, carotenoids.
The leaves of the plant contain ascorbic acid.
Harvesting of medicinal vervain
As a medicinal plant serves the entire aboveground part of the plant, as well as verbena flowers, seeds and roots. Verbena grass collected during flowering and dried in an oven at 50-60 ° C. You can also dry the plant is outdoors, or in a dark dry place.
In oriental medicine herb verbena is used as an antitumor agent for tumors of the reproductive organs, as a sweatshop and contraceptive agents and for the treatment of eczema and ulcers.
Verbena improves digestion, stimulates the appetite, enhances the secretion of gastric juices, improves liver function, stimulates blood circulation, normalizes metabolism, tones the nervous system.
Preparations on the basis of this plant have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antispasmodic, choleretic, laxative, astringent, tonic, wound healing, tonic and antiscorbutic properties.
Inside the plant-based drugs prescribed for SARS, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, rheumatism, tracheitis, headaches, loss of strength, cholelithiasis, hypotension, anemia, thrombosis, chronic gastritis, chronic hepatitis, atherosclerosis, cholecystitis.
Use verbena in folk medicine
The leaves, stems and flowers of verbena is used for headaches, as well as lotions with scrofula, rash, acne, psoriasis, eczema, ulcers, scabies. Do analgesic lotions from toothaches, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat.
From the crushed leaves of the plant make poultices for skin diseases for external use in nonhealing wounds.
Numerous positive comments about the vervain suggest that if the fresh herb rub and make him a poultice, it helps with bruises. And at a fever drink herbal tea verbena. The root of the plant is used as a patch in the cervical abscesses, mumps and scrofula.
Also used essential oil of verbena. Reviews of many patients indicate that it helps in the loss of strength and exhaustion, inflammation of the liver, and anemia.
Some reviews of vervain have shown that it is better not to use drugs on the basis of plants for hypertension during pregnancy and lactation, children under the age of 14 years, as well as in case of hypersensitivity to the components of the plant.
Before use, better to consult a doctor.
Reviews of vervain suggest that long-term use of drugs based on plants can irritate the intestinal mucosa.