Persicaria maculosa - is an annual plant belonging to the family Polygonaceae. Maximum height - 110 cm, the plant has a taproot, and stem from him - a single, branched, erect or ascending. The leaves of grass are linear-lanceolate shape, and the base they are wedge-narrowed. Quite often on top of the leaves have a reddish stain. The flowers of a plant are relatively small, white or pink, with a large spike-end cylindrical brush. The fruits of Polygonum shiny black, covered with filmy perianth, has the form of triangular or Die has broadly shape. Grass Highlander pochechuynogo blooms all summer (June-August), and its fruits ripen from mid-summer to mid autumn (July-October). Propagated plant seeds.
Persicaria maculosa grows in Central Asia and the European part of the CIS, in the south of the Far East and Siberia, as well as in the Caucasus, in Russia grows throughout, except for the northern strip. Most often found on the shores of lakes, rivers, drainage canals, orchards, vegetable gardens and alder thickets of weeds, as well as in wet meadows. Quite often, the plant forms a mixture or pure thickets with many other hygrophilous plants. Sometimes this plant belongs to the group of poisonous.
More Galen, Hippocrates and Dioscorides mention in his writings about the medicinal properties pochechuynogo mountaineer. As a medicinal plant used in Bulgaria, Poland, India and a number of other countries. The name is directly linked with the old name of hemorrhoids, which sounded like "pochechuy."
Preparation of raw materials Highlander pochechuynogo
Grass Highlander pochechuynogo used for medicinal purposes only with proper procurement, which must be carried out during the flowering period of the plant. Cut only the upper part of the grass, the surface of the soil they are located at a distance of 15-25 cm. It should leave about 2-3 plants every 2-3 sq.m. all its thickets.
Raw dried in the shade outdoors, but drying is best carried on special kilns with artificial heating, without having to set the temperature above 40-50
Under the conditions of slow drying herb Polygonum pochechuynogo may turn black. Raw materials are fit for 2 years. Taste bitter plants, and there is no smell at all.
Application of grass Polygonum pochechuynogo
Infusions and decoctions are good mountaineer expressed hemostatic properties, which are manifested in increased clotting and blood viscosity, and significantly increase the contractility of the smooth muscle in organs. Also, preparations have pochechuynogo Highlander diuretic, anti-inflammatory and laxative effect, increase the function of the heart, blood vessels constrict, it does not have a significant effect on blood pressure.
The medicine is used only the upper part of the plant, which is recommended for the treatment of chronic constipation.
Herbal extracts pochechuynogo Highlander effective in uterine bleeding. Infusions and decoctions are used to treat bleeding hemorrhoids, and they are effective in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and colds, diarrhea.
To strengthen the gums in scurvy, or wash the wound, it is necessary to apply them topically as a rinse. Highlander Infusions are used to treat kidney stones and other various diseases of the kidneys.
Fresh Persicaria maculosa can be used for the treatment of sciatica, gout and headaches, as well as for wound healing as a mustard plaster. Various drugs Highlander can be used in combination therapy for the treatment of patients suffering from atonic constipation. In folk medicine prescribers as an additional remedy for tumors of various etiologies.
Infusion Highlander pochechuynogo prepared from 20 g of raw material, which is placed in an enamel bowl and pour boiling water (200 ml). Thereafter, the dishes covered with a lid, and the infusion was heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes and then cooled for 45 minutes at room temperature. After this infusion should drain and squeeze out the remaining raw materials. The resulting infusion is necessary to bring up to 200 ml with boiled water. Take three times a day for 1 st. l.
The broth is made from 1 tbsp. l. raw poured boiling water (300 ml). Boil need about 15 minutes, and then another to insist 2 hours, then it is necessary to filter the broth. Take every day for 0, 5 cup 3 times a day.
Grass pochechuynogo Highlander is available in 100-gram packs, and it must be stored in a dry and cool place.
And the land part, and roots, and the roots are often used to impart a yellow color fabrics. It is widely used in the surface portion of liquor or wine industry. The plant is melliferous, vitaminonosnym, decorative and aromatic.
In addition, the herb Polygonum pochechuynogo can be cultivated as a commercial crop.
Since the plant has a strong enough krovesvertyvayuschim action, it is not recommended for patients with thrombophlebitis. Also Persicaria maculosa, more precisely, its seeds are poisonous, so you can not give this herb farm animals.