Gepon - is immunostimulatory and immunomodulatory drug used to strengthen natural defenses.
Pharmacological action Gepona
The main types of pharmacological effects, according to the instructions Gepon and reviews of its application are as follows:
Such effects are achieved due to the ability of the drug to perform the following tasks:
- Produced in the body of alpha- and beta-interferons (natural antiviral defense);
- Mobilize and activate macrophages (large lymphocytes that suppress alien organisms (cells) infection);
- Limit the production of cytokines (molecules disseminators of infection and inflammation);
- To stimulate the production of antibodies needed to fight the antigens of an infectious nature;
- Suppresses the replication (reproduction and distribution) viruses;
- To increase the body's resistance to infection (viruses, fungi and bacteria).
In HIV-infected patients treated with Gepon, in the opinion of doctors, to observe the process, reduce the concentration of HIV in blood cells and plasma. Furthermore, according to instructions and responses Gepona applying it, quickly activated immune responses that are specific for HIV.
The clinical effect of the treatment on Geponom instruction is that it is possible to avoid recurrence of opportunistic infections and approximately 3 - 6 months.
Topical application of short courses of instruction allows Gepona cure fungal infections of the skin and mucous membranes.
It is also important anti-inflammatory effect Gepona. Reviews Gepon patients treated with the drug for treatment of various inflammations, indicate a fairly rapid therapeutic effect. So, just for 1 - 2 days disappear all common signs of inflammation (swelling, burning, pain, dryness of skin and mucous membranes).
According Gepon instructions issued as a solid (powder) intended for solution (immediately before dose). This powder was white. Packaging the drug can be in various doses. For example, one vial may contain 1 mg, 2 mg and 10 mg.
The main indications for use according to the instructions Gepona are states of immunodeficiency.
A list of the effects of the drug, as reflected in a review of Gepon, causes his appointment in the following cases:
- Weakened immunity in immunodeficient states;
- HIV infection;
- Reduced immune defense between viruses and infections;
- Opportunistic infections caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi; prophylaxis of these infections;
- Infections of the skin and mucous membranes caused by fungi Candida; prophylaxis of candidiasis in antibiotic therapy;
- Vulvovaginitis, cervicitis, urethritis in women;
- Urethritis and balanoposthitis in men;
- Inflammation of the mucous and skin: itching, burning, redness, swelling, pain, dryness of mucous membranes.
Before use, the vial with a dry content Gepona added physiological saline (NaCl - 0, 85%) or distilled water. The liquid volume at one time is 5 ml.
According to the instructions Gepon and reviews of doctors, the drug can be used externally and internally.
Ingestion: adults and children after 12 years, the recommended dose is 10 mg per day. Admission is carried out once a day.
Local: 1 - 2 mg sodium 0, 02 - 0, 04% is used for the surface treatment (mucous and skin) is also applied once daily.
In the treatment of immunodeficiency, opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients: it is recommended to take 10 mg orally. Receiving daily, over the 1 st - 3 month.
In the treatment and prevention of skin and mucosal candidiasis: is the local irrigation affected areas of the skin and mucosa, the course consists of three ex-irrigation, with an interval of one - three days.
In the treatment of vulvovaginitis, cervicitis, urethritis in women: apply irrigation mucous vagina, vulva, cervix, 0, 02 - 0, 4% solution and lotions adjacent to the vagina of affected areas. Treatment of the skin and mucous repeated at intervals of one - three days.
In the treatment of urethritis and balanoposthitis in men: used instillation (a drip) into the urethra of the solution (0, 02 - 0, 4%), and the affected skin lotions. Treatment of the skin and mucous repeated at intervals of one - three days.
The instructions to Gepon recommended for the prevention of candidiasis in the mucous membranes and skin lotions and carry out irrigation solution Gepona 0, 02 - 0, 4% of the drug. This should be considered during treatment with antibiotics to avoid possible complications from such therapy.
To remove the inflammation of the mucous membranes is recommended to irrigate the affected area with a solution of Gepona 0, 02 - 0, 04% of the active substance. On inflamed skin impose wipes gauze soaked in a solution of Gepona.
Adverse reactions from the use of Gepon
According to the instructions Gepon, side effects when using this drug for indications and at the recommended doses, has been found.
But almost all medicines can have side effects, this is especially true of such strong medications like Gepon. Side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, dizziness and fever may occur when using the maximum dose of the drug, when using a drug for a long time, the treatment by several drugs. Chance and the idiosyncrasy of a component of this medication. Such moments can cause serious health consequences. That is why, if the application Gepona cause side effects, you should stop taking it immediately and consult a doctor.
The drug should not be used Gepon persons with hypersensitivity (hypersensitivity) to the components included in its composition. Reviews Gepon practicing medical scientists emphasize to patients that an absolute contraindication to the use of the drug is a child up to 12 years.
Follow the instructions to Gepon, use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation is not recommended. The exception is when the anticipated benefits of the drug to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus. Reviews Gepon characterize this drug as a potent tool because its application could negatively affect the fetus, or even provoke malformations of the unborn child.