Dicynonum - homeostatic preparation intended for the prevention, reduction and control of bleeding.
The active substance Dicynonum - etamzilat.
The drug has a homeostatic effect (stops or reduces bleeding), which is due to the ability to activate the drug in case of damage small blood vessels formation of thromboplastin (formed during the initial stages of the clotting process).
Application Dicynonum can increase the formation of mucopolysaccharides (protein fibers protect from injury) a large mass in the walls of capillaries, normalize capillary permeability and increase their resistance, improve microcirculation.
Dicynonum does not have the ability to increase blood clotting and cause narrowing of the blood vessels, and also promotes the formation of blood clots. Dicynonum takes effect within 1-2 hours after oral administration, and in 5-15 minutes after injecting. The therapeutic effect Dicynonum observed within 4-6 hours.
Assign User Dicynonum recommends that:
- parenchymal (if damaged spleen, lung, kidney, liver) and capillary (the smallest blood vessels in case of damage) bleeding;
- Secondary bleeding during thrombocytopathy (qualitative deficiency of platelets) and thrombocytopenia (reduced platelet count in the blood);
- hematuria (blood in the urine), anticoagulation (slow blood clotting), intracranial hemorrhage;
- nosebleeds on the background of high blood pressure;
- hemorrhagic vasculitis (plural mikrotrombobrazovanie and inflammation of the walls of microvessels), and hemorrhagic diathesis (tendency of the blood to the increased bleeding);
- diabetic microangiopathy (damage to the capillaries in diabetes mellitus).
Perhaps the use of the drug in the month Dicynonum to prevent heavy blood loss.
Instructions for use Dicynonum
Dicynonum produced in the form of solution for intravenous or intramuscular injection and in the form of tablets, intended for ingestion. It is also possible to administer the Dicynonum by overlaying the wound swab impregnated with a solution. One ampoule and one tablet containing 250 mg etamzilata.
In most cases it is recommended to take tablets Dicynonum at 1-2 pcs. at a time, as appropriate dose may be increased to 3 units. Single dose injection solution typically corresponds to ½ or 1 ampoule, if necessary - 1 ½ ampoule.
For prophylaxis prior to surgery: 250-500 mg etamzilata by intravenous or intramuscular injection 1 hour before surgery, or 2-3 tablets Dicynonum 3 hours before surgery. If necessary, perhaps intravenous 1-2 ampoules of the drug during the operation.
Intestinal and pulmonary hemorrhage suggest taking 2 tablets Dicynonum a day for 5-10 days, if there is a need to extend the course of treatment, the dose reduced.
Dicynonum menstruation is recommended to take 3-4 pills a day for 10 days - begin 5 days before the menstrual period and ends on the 5th day of the menstrual cycle. To consolidate the effect Dicynonum tablet should be taken on the scheme and the two subsequent cycles.
Within 5-14 days it is recommended to take 3-4 pills Dicynonum in blood diseases, hemorrhagic diathesis and diabetic angiopathy (damage to blood vessels).
Before the operation, prophylactic children prescribed Dicynonum of 1-12 mg / kg per day for 3-5 days. During operation may intravenous 8-10 mg / kg, and after surgery to prevent bleeding - 8 mg / kg as a Dicynonum tablets.
Hemorrhagic syndrome in children treated by oral administration of 6-8 mg / kg 3 times daily for 5-14 days.
In diabetic microangiopathy administered intramuscularly Dicynonum user recommends a dose of 125 mg, 2 times daily for 2-3 months.
Dicynonum, the use of which must be agreed with the doctor, can cause undesirable effects such as heaviness in the epigastric (upper part of the abdominal wall) area, heartburn, overflow blood vessels of the face, dizziness, headache, numbness in the feet, lower blood pressure, allergic reactions.
According to the instructions, Dicynonum not indicated for thromboembolism (blockage of a blood vessel by a thrombus), venous thrombosis, acute porphyria (elevated levels of porphyrins in the blood), and hypersensitivity to etamzilat.
With careful preparation is used in bleeding, provoked by an overdose means that reduce blood clotting.
Application Dicynonum pregnant women is possible only on prescription.
Admission during lactation require temporary cessation of breastfeeding.
Dicynonum Store at room temperature away from light. Shelf life when stored - 5 years.