Aronia - a deciduous tree belonging to the family Rosaceae.
The plant grows to a height of 10 meters. The bark is smooth, gray. On the branches tomentose-downy buds. The leaves are alternate, with pubescent petioles almost sessile. At the top of the leaves on the edge serrated, dull green on top, bottom - grayish hue. Inflorescence at the ends of branches. Blossoms in May and June, flowers white. The fruits are berry-like shape, ripens in August and September and stored up to the frost.
Homeland chokeberry is North America. In the 18th century, chokeberry was brought to Europe in the 19th century - in Russia. Until the early 20th century, chokeberry was considered extremely ornamental crops.
Later found the use of chokeberry in various forms: the berries are eaten fresh, dried, frayed with sugar. Of these, make jam, jelly, jam, marmalade. Also prepared from the plant juices, liqueurs, wines and liqueurs.
In order to use medicinal fruits of mountain ash. They have a pleasant sour-sweet, slightly tart taste. They contain large amounts of vital minerals and vitamins.
Medicinal properties of chokeberry is lost during processing.
Useful properties of chokeberry due to its content of carbohydrates (10%), the whole complex of vitamins (B6, B2, B1, A, E, K, C, F), flavonoids, organic acids, pectin, tannins.
In addition, the berries contain large amounts of iodine (four times larger than gooseberry, raspberry and strawberry) and other trace elements (chromium, nickel, molybdenum, zinc, manganese, cobalt, boron, copper, iron, fluoride, and others).
How useful chokeberry - so it's high content of vitamin P (first place among vegetable and fruit crops). One kilogram of fresh berries is able to meet the daily requirement of man in this vitamin. According to the content of vitamin C and chokeberry surpasses many fruit plants.
How useful chokeberry for the human body?
Aronia improves the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, strengthens the walls of blood vessels. Through healing properties chokeberry, its juice is used in the treatment of atherosclerosis and the initial stage of hypertension.
How useful chokeberry yet, so the fact that it can reduce high blood pressure, while normal pressure is stagnant.
Recommend combined use with Aronia rose hips and black currants. These plants are rich in ascorbic acid, which contributes to better absorption of vitamin P.
Outwardly it has been applied chokeberry burns and allergic skin lesions (dermatitis, eczema, atopic dermatitis).
In diffuse toxic goiter, particularly in thyrotoxicosis, as part of combination therapy is used this plant.
Useful properties of chokeberry increase the body's resistance to infections, so it is a powerful immune stimulator, increasing tone of the body and improving overall.
Use of Aronia helps to improve digestion, increase appetite, promote secretion of the stomach. This is an excellent tool to combat low acidity of the stomach and gastritis.
Aronia berries have a choleretic and diuretic. And the leaves of the plant normalize liver function, promote the formation and excretion of bile.
The aqueous extract of chokeberry is indicated for patients with diabetes. And cancer patients use Arona because it contains anthocyanins.
Chokeberry: Contraindications and Warnings
Due to the high content of ascorbic acid in berries chokeberry is contraindicated in hypertension and angina. Excessive their use leads to a hypercoagulable state, and as a result, the formation of blood clots.
Strongly contraindicated chokeberry people with increased blood clotting and a tendency toward thrombophlebitis.
Eating berries chokeberry undesirable as ulcer 12 duodenal ulcer and stomach, gastritis with high acidity.