Chloroethyl - means
for local anesthesia.
Chloroethyl discharged into aerosol cans of 100 or 480 ml, or in vials of 30 ml of 10 vials of the pack.
Chloroethyl is highly volatile, colorless, transparent liquid with a peculiar odor, sparingly soluble in water.
The active ingredient of the drug is ethyl chloride.
The drug is used for short surface anesthesia of the skin. After contact with skin the drug begins to evaporate quickly (boiling point 12 degrees Centigrade), which leads to tissue ischemia and strong cooling sensation, whereby temporary anesthesia occurs.
The anesthetic effect of ethyl chloride is developing very quickly, after 5-10 seconds after application and lasts no longer than twenty minutes. The drug is not addictive and resorptive toxic effect.
The anesthetic effect of the drug due to the depressing effect on the central nervous system and disturbance of synaptic impulses. The drug is quite active, but has little latitude therapeutic effect, there is the risk of overdose.
Inhalation of ethyl chloride with a concentration of 3-4 vol.% Anesthesia occurs within two minutes of awakening quickly.
Currently Chloroethyl as anesthesia is rarely used (except in the very short-term surgical interventions). However, it is widely used for short-term pain relief surface of the skin.
Used as an anesthetic in the following cases:
• dermatitis, accompanied by itching;
• sports injuries, sprains and tendon, soft tissue contusion;
• thermal burns, intercostal neuralgia, insect bites, neuritis;
• Cryotherapy: erysipelas, neyromiozit, warty form of red lichen, neuralgia.
Dosing and dosing regimen chloroethyl
skin with capillary side ampulki with ethyl chloride remove the rubber cap. To the liquid was room temperature, ampulki slightly warmed in the palm and direct discharged fluid to the skin at a distance of 30 cm. Thereafter, the skin appears "frost" and tissues become insensitive and dense.
The frequency of application of the drug depends on the individual sensitivity of the patient and indications. In most cases, enough single use.
For therapeutic purposes Chloroethyl used once a week.
Chloroethyl contraindicated used for general anesthesia:
• diseases of the cardiovascular system;
• serious condition of the patient;
• respiratory diseases;
• violations of the liver and kidneys.
For local anesthesia contraindications to chloroethylene are:
• cerebrovascular disease (vascular spasm or varicose veins);
• violation of the integrity of the skin.
When applying chloroethyl need to make sure that the patient is not inhaling ethyl chloride, evaporating from the skin surface.
Side effects chloroethyl
Chloroethyl should be used with caution, as you may experience unwanted side effects such as damage to the integrity of the skin with exudation and hyperemia.