Chlorhexidine - is an antiseptic agent intended for topical application.
Mode of action Chlorhexidine
bactericidal (kills bacteria) and antiseptic (disinfectant) effect. The drug has bactericidal properties. To him are highly many gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. In the opinion of chlorhexidine has a good ability to stop the growth and division of fungi. Fungistatic activity of the drug is against the Trichophyton (ringworm pathogens), dermatophytes (skin disease causing) and fungi genus Candida.
This drug is widely used for the treatment of the hands of surgeons and surgical field, as well as for the cold sterilization of surgical instruments.
Justified chlorhexidine treatment of inflammation of the bladder - cystitis. In this case the preparation is used for rinsing the bladder and is input thereto through the urinary catheter.
According to the instructions Chlorhexidine it can be used in obstetric practice. It is used in the following cases:
• For the prevention of infectious diseases, sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis etc.);
• Treatment colpitis different etiology and bacterial vaginosis;
• To prevent the development of various infectious and inflammatory complications (before surgery, abortion, birth, intrauterine research, IUD, diathermocoagulation cervical erosion).
According to the instructions of chlorhexidine used for the treatment of hand surgeons, the surgical field and cold sterilization of surgical instruments. In this case, the finished 20% chlorhexidine is diluted 1 to 40 with ethanol (70%). Hands are washed in this solution for three minutes, and the operating field is rubbed twice at intervals of two minutes. To sterilize the instruments must be completely immersed in the solution for two minutes. According to the instructions of chlorhexidine sterilization of instruments and can be carried out 0, 02% aqueous solution. In this case, the exposure is increased to an hour.
For the treatment of cystitis Chlorhexidine used sterile aqueous solutions only. In one procedure consumes 300 0-400 0 0 ml, 2% solution. Washing is done once a day. Usually assigned from 5 to 12 treatments.
For the treatment of vaginal bacteriosis and colpitis drug used vaginally. In the position of the patient lying on his back, is administered into the vagina of one suppository twice daily. Treatment continued chlorhexidine from 5 to 20 days.
Application of Chlorhexidine possible to prevent infections, sexually transmitted diseases. You must enter into a vagina suppository 1 not later than two hours after sluchaynogopolovogo act.
In the opinion of Chlorhexidine
can lead to the following side effects: dryness and itching of extending the skin, inflammation of the skin (dermatitis).
• Individual intolerance;
According to the instructions chlorhexidine should be used with caution in children, pregnant and lactating women.
Form release Chlorhexidine
Chlorhexidine is available as a 20% aqueous solution in plastic vials with a capacity of 500 ml. The drug is also available in the form of vaginal suppositories containing 0, 04 g of a 20% solution of chlorhexidine bigluconate.
Chlorhexidine is stored at room temperature in a dark place, away from children.