Centaury - a biennial, at least - an annual herb, belonging to the family gentianaceae. Centaury up to 40 cm in height. Stems dichotomously-branched plants, flowers, bright pink-red color, collected in a whisk. Flowering time lasts from early summer until September. Centaury grows in clearings in the woods, in a thicket of trees and bushes, wet meadows. It grows almost all over the world and has about 50 species, eight of which are common in Russia and post-Soviet countries.
Medicinal plant centaury is mentioned in the writings of Hippocrates, it was composed of numerous legends and myths. It came out of the last centaury scientific names:
In addition, there are a lot of folk name of this plant:
- Spool grass;
- Centaury small;
- Centaury beautiful;
- Centaury Meyer;
The composition and useful properties centaury
Useful properties centaury long been used to treat humans. The use in medicine due centaury rich chemical composition. Thus, in the composition of herbs centaury contains the following active substances:
- Bitter glycosides;
- Essential oil;
- ascorbic acid;
- a nicotinic acid;
- Oleic acid;
- Trace elements.
Medicinal properties centaury widely used not only in medicine, but also in the official. Many gastric fees and charges to improve appetite contain herbs centaury. In traditional medicine, this herb is used in the form of tinctures, decoctions and infusions.
The main properties of centaury, provides its therapeutic effect, are as follows:
4. Anti parasite (antihelminthic).
Desensitizing property determines the use of centaury from alcoholism.
In folk medicine used aerial parts of centaury, grass. Widespread use of centaury found in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract:
In addition, the healing properties of centaury help increase appetite and normalize the whole process of digestion. Medicinal properties of centaury, as an aid, used in the treatment of the following diseases:
- Gynecological diseases;
- Liver disease;
- Gallbladder disease;
- Kidney problems;
- Violation of the bladder (stones);
- cardiovascular diseases.
Often, infusions of herbs centaury used by women to stop uterine bleeding. Useful properties centaury is often used to stop bleeding after natural and artificial termination of pregnancy. In addition, the healing properties of centaury help relieve the symptoms of toxicity in pregnant women.
Doctors recommend the use of centaury as a tincture for rinsing in various infectious diseases, sores on the gums and in the mouth. The powder centaury used to treat various skin diseases. Also, the infusion is used to treat ulcers, fistulas and wounds. Centaury and its properties even used in the treatment of malignancies and tea from this plant has a tonic and restorative effect on the organism after severe diseases and operations.
Medicine officially recognized the healing properties of the main centaury:
- The anti-inflammatory;
- Wound healing;
Bitterness, contained in the centaury, improve gastrointestinal tract, increases the production of gastric juice, stimulate appetite. Alkaloid content gentsianina allow centaury be good anthelmintics.
In folk medicine, the beneficial properties of centaury is used in such cases:
- Nervous exhaustion;
- Lack of appetite;
- Spasms of the stomach and intestines;
- Liver disorders;
- Pulmonary tuberculosis;
Application centaury alcoholism is particularly effective. Use centaury alcoholism people started a long time ago, when there were no other drugs. Centaury alcoholism recommended for use in combination with other herbs (wormwood, horsetail, thyme, puppeteer, wild ginger, and a number of other herbs). Each particular person is necessary to choose the right combination and dosage of herbs, as these plants have a stronger effect.
The easiest way to prepare the national means of herbs centaury from alcoholism is the following:
2 tbsp. tablespoons herb pour 1 tbsp. of boiling water and boil for 10 minutes. Insist 1 - 2 hours. Insist need to drain, and then the patient takes 1/3 cup 2 - 3 times a day. The course of this treatment is not less than 10 days. In most cases the craving for alcohol disappears completely, thus providing maximum effect centaury from alcoholism.
External application centaury it is advisable when healing wounds, gout, rashes, eczema, boils, ulcers. Fresh juice is used in the form of drops for the treatment of ear diseases. Application centaury effective in combating child food allergies.
Forms of drug use centaury diverse:
- Infusions and tinctures;
- Compresses and rubbing.
Contraindications and harm from the use of centaury
Centaury with its properties is contraindicated in the following diseases:
- Gastric and duodenal ulcers;
- Gastrointestinal disorders with a tendency to loose stools;
- Gastritis with high acidity;
- Hypersensitivity to the active substances plant.
Also, it does not recommend the use of excessive centaury, as it can cause indigestion. And overweight people should be wary of this plant, so as not to cause a strong appetite.
In the treatment of alcoholism centaury should be careful. This is due to the fact that the active substance plants possess potent properties. Therefore, in case of failure in the application of centaury alcohol and the continuation of the use of alcohol, along with treatment, possibly poisoned.