Mikozhinaks - complex synthetic drug used topically in gynecological practice in the treatment of fungal and infectious diseases.
Effect of the drug due to Mikozhinaks four components in its composition.
Metronidazole has antibacterial and antiprotozoal activity against a broad spectrum of anaerobic bacteria. Nystatin antifungal antibiotic active against yeast fungi of the genus Candida. Chloramphenicol okazyaet antimicrobial and bacteriostatic effect against strains of gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. Dexamethasone has a marked immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory effects, helps eliminate itching and reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process.
Thus Mikozhinaks drug is effective in treating many gynecological diseases of different origin - fungal, bacterial, protozoal or mixed.
The drug is released in the form of suppositories Mikozhinaks comprising:
- Metronidazole 200mg;
- 80mg chloramphenicol;
- 100000ME Nystatin;
- 0, 5 mg dexamethasone acetate.
Excipients - lactose monohydrate.
The carton box of 12 candles.
Candles Mikozhinaks used as a topical therapy for the treatment of infectious diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to the action of the active components of the preparation:
- Bacterial and Candida vaginitis;
- Trichomonas vaginitis;
- Vaginitis caused by mixed flora - anaerobic bacteria, yeast fungi and Trichomonas.
Also according to the instructions Mikozhinaks used to prepare for gynecological surgery, abortion or childbirth, before and after IUD diathermocoagulation and cervical erosion, as well as to intrauterine research.
Hypersensitivity to one of the components of the preparation is a contraindication to the use of Mikozhinaksa.
Also Mikozhinaks according to the instructions do not apply to pediatric patients.
With care use in patients with severe neurological diseases, including acute and chronic forms of neurological disease and progressive neuropathy.
Do not use this Mikozhinaksa during pregnancy, lactation breastfeeding should be abolished for the duration of the drug.
Instructions for use Mikozhinaksa
Candles Mikozhinaks applied vaginally once a day. Before use, the tablet be wetted with water, and after administration is recommended to lie within an hour.
The duration of treatment depends on the disease. In the opinion of Mikozhinaks effective in trichomonas vaginitis when treated for 10 to 12 days. At the same time it is recommended to take metronidazole inside. If treatment is not given the expected effect, it can be extended for 10 days.
When Candida, bacterial and mixed vaginitis duration of treatment according to the instructions Mikozhinaksom is 10-12 days.
During treatment is not recommended holding Mikozhinaksom vaginal douching and use of vaginal tampons.
Mikozhinaks on responses often causes pain in the vagina, as well as itching and burning of the vaginal mucosa.
Also, when using candles Mikozhinaks of these instructions may develop systemic side effects:
- Violations of the chair, inflammation of the mouth, change in taste, diarrhea, vomiting and loss of appetite;
- Peripheral sensory neuropathy, encephalopathy, seizures, headaches, psychotic disorders;
- Thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, neutropenia and leukopenia, the occurrence of which requires a review of the treatment regimen;
- Redness of the skin, urticaria, angioedema, pruritus, and anaphylactic shock;
- Reduced visual acuity, diplopia, false-positive test results Nelson.
In the opinion of Mikozhinaks sometimes causes the development of hallucinations, ataxia, dizziness, that requires immediate discontinuation of the drug.
In applying Mikozhinaksa not recommended to drink alcohol and take drugs containing ethyl alcohol. Also prohibited the simultaneous use of the drug disulfiram due to the risk of psychotic reactions.
In an application with lithium Mikozhinaks may increase their toxicity.
In case of overdose may increase side effects such as vomiting, ataxia, neuropathy, and leukopenia, but special treatment in these cases is not required.
The drug can be purchased without a doctor's prescription, Mikozhinaksa shelf life - 3 years.