As a medicinal plant, Impatiens is widely known in the Urals and Siberia called "Vanka wet". Its the same in Central Asia and the Caucasus called "touchy." All of these names the plant received because of its features. Firstly, ripe fruit balsam crack, scattering seeds on the sides, at the slightest touch to them. Hence - "touchy" and "balsam", which translated from Latin as "impatient." Secondly, on the edges of the sheet are the balsam whitish liquid droplets, for which he was nicknamed "Vanka wet".
There are several varieties and varieties of this plant. In Russia it was grown as a flower room; today enjoys great popularity among gardeners Impatiens. Such ornamental species is known only about 400. But those that grow only in forest areas with a temperate climate - only eight species. And that balsam forest belongs to the category of herbs, although it is a poisonous plant, which is used for health purposes, but do it with care.
Impatiens can be found in the forest area on the banks of a stream or river, and in ravines, where the ground is moist and shaded. He leaves alternate oblong egg whose edges - coarsely. Inflorescence yellow as a brush, are spur. Moreover, the flowers themselves irregular pyatilepestnye, four of which are fused in pairs.
The stems and leaves of the forest Impatiens is meaty, juicy, rich green color. The fruit of "Impatiens" is an elongated box having five electric roller shutters.
Medicinal properties of balsam
This plant contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, but only in the flowering period. In addition, the stems and leaves of plants containing alkaloids, acids, glycosides, flavonoids and tannins.
"Touchy" is an excellent wound healing and anti-inflammatory agent for external use. For washing of wounds, including purulent and ulcers and hemorrhoid cones used broth balsam. The broth is prepared a rate of one tablespoon per cup of boiling water, when the broth has cooled, it is moistened gauze, which is then applied to the inflamed surface.
Fresh juice from the leaves of balsam as well heals wounds and relieves pain, but it should be used with great caution.
The main medicinal properties of balsam, for which he so prized in traditional medicine - it is a beneficial effect on the kidneys and the entire urinary system. Impatiens well established in the treatment of kidney stones and urinary bladder. The substances contained in it, crushed stones in the sand and gradually they are taken. In addition, the plant contains compounds that promote the excretion of excess fluid from the body.
Take the infusion and decoction of this herb should be strictly dosed, remembering that it is poisonous. To prepare the infusion, taken one teaspoon of leaves and stems of balsam, pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for 20 minutes in a warm place. Take the infusion balsam no more than one tablespoon of the reception, and no more than two tablespoons a day.
In addition urolithiasis Impatiens is used to treat gout and rheumatism: used bath with the addition of concentrated broth, as well as taken orally one tablespoon of herb infusions after a meal.
Impatiens, as a plant poison, has a number of contraindications.
First, the preparations of this plant, you should not take pregnant and lactating women and children under 14 years. Second, contraindications are digestive diseases, Impatiens can cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. If overdose is poisoning Impatiens.