Augmentin - a broad-spectrum antibiotic, acting on Gram-negative and at gramopolozhitelnye bacteria.
Application Augmentin leads to destruction of anaerobic and aerobic microorganisms, t. H. Strains that produce penicillins degrading enzyme (beta-lactamase). The last action Augmentin is because it includes clavulanic acid have, providing stability amoxicillin (Augmentin active ingredient) to beta-lactamase, thereby expanding the scope of its impact.
Augmentin release tablets, powders for injection, in the form of solids dilution drops. Also produced Augmentin suspension and syrup.
According to the instructions Augmentin is prescribed for bacterial infections of the nature, caused by microorganisms, are sensitive to the antibiotic:
- infections of the skin and soft tissues;
- respiratory tract infections: bronchitis, lobar pneumonia, empyema, lung abscess;
- infections of the urogenital system: cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, abortny sepsis, syphilis, gonorrhea, infection of the pelvic;
- Infection arising as a complication after surgery
Methods of application Augmentin
Before the appointment of Augmentin instructions recommended to be screened to identify the sensitivity of the hair that caused the disease, to the antibiotic.
Augmentin for children under one year is prescribed in the form of drops in such single doses: up to 3 m. - 0, 75ml; by 3m. up to a year - 1, 25ml. Treatment Augmentin children usually do not continue longer than two weeks without consideration of the clinical situation.
Augmentin in suspension or syrup administered to children up to 12 liters. According to the instructions they are given Augmentin suspension in such single doses from 9m. up to 2 liters. - 2, 5ml syrup three p / d (0, 156g / 5ml). Children aged 2-7 liters. designate 5ml (0, 156g); from 7 to 12 liters - 10 ml (0, 156g for 5 ml) or 5 ml (0 312g). These Augmentin dose for children can be doubled if the disease is severe.
Augmentin for older children and adults 12l prescribed to take 1 st tablet (0 375g) three p / day. When a serious condition prescribed an antibiotic for 1st 0 tablet, or two tablets 625g 0 375g (single dose) three p / day. Practice and intravenous - 1, 2 g (single dose) every 6 or 8 hours. The maximum allowed single dose - 1, 2r, and the daily dose by intravenous vvedenii- 7, 2d
Application of Augmentin may cause such side effects:
- indigestion (which can be reduced by taking Augmentin at the time of delivery);
- hepatitis, abnormal liver function, cholestatic jaundice;
- allergic shock;
- poliformnaya erythema;
- Stevens-Johnson syndrome;
- exfoliative dermatitis;
- candidiasis and other superinfection;
There are isolated cases of pseudomembranous colitis appearance.
Contraindications to the use of Augmentin
As Augmentin instructions do not apply if there is sensitivity to its components.
Not recommended antibiotic to pregnant women and breastfeeding.
Be wary appoint Augmentin IV patients with impaired hepatic function severe and in any form - in the presence of the patient's medical information on allergic manifestations.
When erythematous rash, urticaria the antibiotic is stopped.