Aspen - a tree belonging to the family of willow.
Description aspen and place of distribution
Tree height can reach 30 meters, has a very extensive root system. The trunk is covered with gray smooth bark, wood, white with a greenish tinge. The tree small brown buds. The leaves are alternate, heart-have, rhombic or rounded shape. In autumn the leaves turn golden-saturated red hue. Flowering tree earrings, which are small flowers. The fruits are small boxes, which contain the seeds of a puff.
Tree growing fast, but quite painful. Average age - 85-90 years.
Aspen enjoys a temperate cold climate. It is found in Asia and Europe. It circulated in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Russia. It prefers to grow in mixed forests on wet soils. Often aspen can be seen on the banks of rivers, mountains, ravines, glades and on edges.
The history of the use of aspen
Slavs from ancient times did not like that tree. About him there were a lot of bad beliefs and legends. Near the house was not planted, wood burning stove wood are not drowned, and even did not use a shadow from his crown.
In Ukraine, the tree is used for building houses.
However, aspen used to fight all kinds of evil spirits, amulets made of it. It was believed that it eliminates the impure thoughts and fear. In wells with aspen log cabin has always been the cleanest water.
Today the tree is mainly used for practical purposes. It is planted for beauty in the settlements, parks and gardens. The bark is used for the preparation of dyes and tanning. Wood makes plywood, roofing materials, matches and bottles. From aspen logs build houses.
Wood is a good honey plant. Bees extracted from kidney wood glue, which is subsequently processed to propolis.
The properties of aspen are used in medicine. Mostly used for medicinal purposes buds, leaves and tree bark.
The bark contains carbohydrates, aromatic acids, tannins, fenolglikozidy, unsaturated fatty acids.
The kidneys also contains all of the above substances. There they still mannitol, minerals, essential oils, enzymes, resins and triglycerides.
The leaves of the tree contains carotenoids, carbohydrates, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, tannins and anthocyanins.
Medicinal properties of aspen
In our country, the properties of aspen are not used in official medicine. You can only find biologically active additives with aspen bark. But in Western Europe, the treatment of common wasp. Produce a drug used to treat diseases of the prostate and bladder.
Treatment wasp widely in folk medicine. From the bark of plants make broths used in diarrhea, gastritis, fever, pancreatitis, diabetes, pulmonary tuberculosis and edema of different origin. From bark chips make alcohol tinctures, or burn it to ash formation, which is added to the ointment for eczema. When Andechs drink infusion ash aspen.
Decoctions and infusions of kidneys taken orally with cystitis, diseases of the joints, incontinence and pregnancy, prostate adenoma. Alcohol tincture of kidneys used in hemorrhoids, dysentery and gastritis. From frayed kidney made ointments that treat injuries, joint disease, trophic ulcers and hemorrhoids.
From the leaves of aspen prepare hot poultice for treating rheumatism and gout. And the juice of the leaves is used for lubrication and depriving warts.
Treatment aspen contraindicated for chronic constipation, as relates to the properties of aspen astringent.