Aktovegin refers to a group of drugs which affect the processes of tissue metabolism.
The active ingredient - freed from protein extract of calf blood.
Application Actovegin helps to activate the cell metabolism. Consequently, there is an increase transport and accumulation in the cells of oxygen and glucose. Due to the action Actovegin, rising energy resources cells. When hypoxia, increased consumption of energy for healing or tissue repair Aktovegin stimulates the energy metabolism in the body. Also, the use of Actovegin increases blood circulation.
According to the instructions, Aktovegin prescribed in the following cases:
- Cerebrovascular insufficiency;
- Ischemic stroke;
- Traumatic brain injury;
- Violation of the peripheral circulation;
- Trophic disorders in the varicose veins of the lower extremities;
- Ulcers of various etiologies;
- Radiation injuries;
- Damage to the cornea and sclera (burns, ulcers, keratitis, corneal abrasions using contact lenses).
Instructions for use and dose Actovegin
According to the instructions, Aktovegin appointed interior, topical and parenteral (bypassing the stomach).
Tablets Actovegin administered in a dose of 1-2 pieces 3 times per day. Take the pill before eating Actovegin need. Tablets Actovegin not chew and swallow with a little water.
Actovegin injections administered intravenously or intramuscularly. The initial dose is administered intravenously or intra-arterially in an amount of 10 or 20 ml, depending on the severity of the disease.
Then designate Actovegin injections 5 ml slowly intravenously or intramuscularly once a day.
Intravenously administered Aktovegin once a day or several times a week for 250 ml of solution. Aktovegin drip at a rate of 2-3 ml / min. Also, use of 10, 20 or 50 ml of the product diluted in 200 or 300 ml saline or glucose. The treatment Actovegin is from 10 to 20 injections.
Actovegin injections and intravenous infusions of the drug should be made with caution because of the possible development of allergic reactions up to anaphylactic shock. When administered intravenously Actovegin necessary to monitor indicators of water and electrolyte metabolism.
According to the instructions, apply Aktovegin and locally.
The gel is used to treat ulcers and wounds. When radiation injuries and burns gel is applied to the surface of a thin layer, in the treatment of ulcers - a thick layer and cover the affected area with an ointment compress Actovegin. Changing a bandage once a week. Oozing sores should tie up several times a day.
Application Actovegin a cream suitable for the healing of wounds, pressure sores, as well as for the prevention of radiation injuries.
According to the instructions, Aktovegin as an ointment applied to the affected areas of the thin layer. Ointment is used to treat ulcers, wounds, accelerating the healing, for the prevention of pressure ulcers and radiation injuries.
Eye Gel Aktovegin applied to the affected eye, squeezing from a tube one drop of gel. Apply eye gel 2-3 times a day.
According to the instructions in aktovegin, the drug can cause such side effects:
- Allergy (urticaria):
- An increase in temperature;
- Feeling a rush of blood;
- Itching when applied topically;
- Watery eyes, redness of the sclera (using the eye gel).
Contraindications Actovegin is a hypersensitivity to the drug.
Aktovegin during pregnancy and lactation
Indications for Actovegin during pregnancy is fetoplacental insufficiency (dysfunction of the placenta and its inability to maintain the necessary exchange between the fetus and the mother's body).
Appointment Actovegin during pregnancy due to the fact that without fetoplacental insufficiency treatment leads to disruption of fetal development and fetal hypoxia. Note that Aktovegin during pregnancy should be prescribed with caution, observing the condition of the patient.
Not recommended Aktovegin during breastfeeding.
Aktovegin should be stored in a dry place at temperatures no higher than 8 degrees.