Golden Root (Rhodiola rosea) - a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family Crassulaceae, the genus Rhodiola.
Description golden root
The root of the plant, thick and meaty, has a nice bronze-gold color, for which it got its name. Stems erect, not branched, reaching a height of 40 cm.
The leaves are oblong egg-shaped, alternate, tapered at the base. At the top edge of the sheet-toothed palmate.
Inflorescence corymbose, many-flowered, unisexual flowers with small yellow or greenish color.
The fruits of the plants are in the form erect leaflets greenish tint. There are fruits brownish color. Reaches a length of 8 mm at the top have a short nose.
Blossoms golden root from June to July, the fruits ripen in September.
Rhodiola loves humidity and to light and heat unpretentious.
It is found in the Urals, the Polar Yakutia, in the Carpathians, in the mountains of Southern and Eastern Siberia, in the Altai Mountains and the Far East.
It grows on rocky slopes and alluvial deposits on the shores of mountain rivers in the alpine and subalpine zones.
Rhodiola rosea is listed in the Red Book as an endangered species.
The history of the application of the golden root
The first reviews of golden root and its medicinal properties have been found in the records Pedany Dioskrida - Roman physician and pharmacologist.
In Tibet, they believed that the person who finds the plant will live for two centuries in happiness and health. The Chinese believed that Rhodiola prolongs life.
In our days of making the tea plant, which has tonic effect.
Widely used golden root for medicinal purposes. Collect rhizomes during fruiting and dried in the dryer or dry conditions at 60 ° C.
The root of the plant contains tannins, glycoside radiolozid, carbohydrates (glucose and sucrose), tyrosol, acids (succinic, gallic, malic acid, oxalic acid, citric), lactones, flavonoids (quercetin, izokvertsetin, giperazid, kaempferol), sterols, lipids, antraglikozidy, essential oils.
Medicinal properties of the golden root
Numerous positive comments about the golden root leave no doubt of its beneficial properties.
From the aerial parts of the plant make teas and lotions that are used to treat trachoma.
Rhodiola rhizome is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular diseases, skin diseases and tuberculosis of the lungs, bone fractures, and as a general tonic and antipyretic.
Properties of the golden root is used in the inflamed wounds, abscesses, conjunctivitis, skin rashes. Rhodiola rhizome juice - a great healing wounds. Also rhizome juice is used to treat jaundice.
Is prepared from the roots of the plant alcohol extract that treat diseases of the nervous system. The extract has a stimulating and adaptogenic effects similar to ginseng and Eleutherococcus. However, it should be taken with caution, because it can cause high blood pressure.
By the beneficial properties of the golden root include the ability to increase physical and mental performance, dealing with stress and overload.
Reviews of golden root indicate that its use should be avoided in hypertension and increased nervous excitability.