White birch - birch family tree that can reach 20 meters in height, is characterized by smooth, pergamentopodobnoy, white bark, which has a characteristic dark lines. Most often, the tree grows in the wild, but can be cultivated as the landscaping, ornamental plant. In the world there are about 120 species of birch, with 65 of them growing in Russia. All kinds of birches are different from each other only by certain signs, and in medicine, they are used exactly the same way.
Distributed white birch forest-steppe and forest zone of Siberia and the European part of Russia. The plant is melliferous, bees are particularly fond of birch sap, which can collect, even with birch sawdust. Flowering period - May.
Used for different purposes such parts of white birch:
- Renal collecting which extends the period of swelling (ie in March-April);
- Leaves, gathering at the beginning of flowering;
- Wood and bark;
- Birch sap, which is going in the early spring.
Properties of birch buds, in fact, as the leaves are fitontsidnymi. Composition birch sap characterized glucose, fructose, protein, and malic acid.
Application and effect of white birch
Decoction and infusion of white birch kidneys have excellent antiseptic, diuretic and choleretic properties.
The studies showed a significant increase in urine output was influenced by this broth, and also striking reduction of various swelling even under the condition that other diuretics or cardiac tools are useless. Properties sprout allow the use of tincture of them for the treatment of chronic and acute forms of eczema, skin erosion, various wounds, pressure sores, etc.
Broth (or infusion) of birch leaves is widely used as an effective diuretic. Through testing scientists in recent years, it became known that a significant increase in urine output is precisely under the influence of infusion of birch leaf (increasing the allocation of up to 2, 5 liters to 400 ml). Properties birch help to reduce shortness of breath and say goodbye to edema. Infusion of young birch leaves can be used as a stimulant in a variety of nervous system disorders, jaundice, renal colic. Also, this is a great infusion of vitamins and anti-inflammatory agent.
In Bulgaria, the white birch leaves are used as a powerful diuretic for the treatment of atherosclerosis, rheumatism and kidney disease.
The easiest decoction of the leaves is prepared on the following technologies: you need to pour 500 ml of boiling water 6-8 g of leaves, then the mixture should be boiled for about 15-20 minutes and then - strain and take on a regular basis throughout the day. Buds of birch, the properties of which are characterized by maximum diuretic effect, applied to the area of the joints of patients. Make and special bath concoctions from these leaves.
There is a special birch activated carbon, which is called "carbol" he used as an adsorbent for poisoning toxins and bacterial toxins. When dyspepsia, flatulence, dysentery shown birch charcoal, which is well istolchen powder. This coal is also a good antispasmodic agent.
Has a bactericidal action and birch tar, which is produced by dry distillation of the cortex, it is part of the famous Vishnevsky ointment, which is used as a good remedy for healing wounds, as well as Vilkinskona ointment used to treat psoriasis and scabies.
In France, the birch is called "tree of wisdom", and the young leaves, buds, roots and juice are used for therapeutic purposes. In an extract of birch buds are used whose properties are quite multifaceted. Soothing and stimulating effect has the infusion of birch leaves, the use of which is recommended in jaundice and renal colic. The root of the white birch - a good enough antifebrile and antirheumatic agent. But the birch sap is just wonderful and helpful refreshing drink.
The Swedes from the second layer of wood make homemade beer. The Germans and Austrians used the young leaves of birch as a good choleretic and diuretic. But residents of the Polish young leaves of white birch is used to treat dropsy, neuroses, inflammation of the kidneys and many other diseases.
The properties of birch leaves are exactly the same as that of birch buds, but somewhat less manifestation. Baths from fresh leaves of white birch are recommended for gout and rheumatism, in which are also advised to make compresses of steamed dried or fresh leaves and burns, bedsores, excessive sweating feet are effective packs of birch leaves.
For arthritis, gout, scurvy, edema, anemia, trophic ulcers, long non-healing wounds, sore throat, abrasions used birch sap, which can also be a good tonic and diuretic properties.
In the treatment of scrofula, sores and wounds is the use of white birch bark, but when the fight against leprosy and scabies used birch tar. In gonorrhea apply special birch oil is extracted by distillation from the kidneys.
Active use of the properties of birch are in the perfume industry, and juices are included in the formulations of various drinks.
Harm white birch
Due to the fact that white birch buds are very irritating, the use of decoctions and infusions possible only under medical supervision. It is strictly forbidden for a long period of use.