Sunflower (oily or annual sunflower) - an annual plant of the family Asteraceae, has a thick stalk with one or more heads, and can reach a height of 4 meters. Single head diameter can reach 50cm, the edge of her yellow petals in mid - orange. Fruit Seeds - four-sided achene. It is known that 100 grams of roasted sunflower seeds contain more than 20 grams of protein, 3, 4 grams of carbohydrates and 52 grams of fat.
Sunflower imported from North and South America, are now grown virtually all over the world for the production of sunflower oil. This plant also possesses medicinal properties, but is known about the use of sunflower is not all.
Useful properties of sunflower
This plant has medicinal properties, it is used to improve digestion, as an expectorant, and to reduce body temperature in infectious processes.
In folk medicine uses the leaves, outer flowers, stems and even roots of sunflower. The leaves and flowers contain flavonoids (kvertsimeritrin), betaine, choline, carotene (provitamin A), sterols and other valuable substances. In addition plant leaves are rich resins and rubber. Sunflower seeds contain oil and fatty acids (linolenic, lignoceric, and oleic).
Leaves are collected separately, and selects only those integers and are not spoiled by insects. They are torn from the trunk and dried in the open air in a dark place. Flowers sunflowers harvested at the beginning of flowering, and also dried in a shady location. Harvested raw materials are stored in a canvas or paper bags.
The use of sunflower in folk medicine
Medicinal properties of sunflower are used in jaundice, gallbladder disease (chronic cholecystitis, dyskinesia), respiratory system diseases, infectious diseases (influenza, malaria, etc.), And many other ailments.
Broth middle of the flower is used in jaundice, liver and biliary tract, intestinal dyskinesia, bronchial asthma. Alcohol tincture of ray flowers and leaves of sunflower helps with increasing temperature (due to influenza, acute respiratory infections, malaria), and neuralgia of different origin. Also, alcohol tincture of the leaves is used to improve appetite.
A decoction of the leaves of sunflower - an excellent diuretic (diuretic) tool, as well as helps with diarrhea.
Sunflower seed oil can be used for the prophylaxis of atherosclerosis, as it is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which interfere with the formation of atherosclerotic plaque on the vascular endothelium. Besides its use as a laxative. Boiled sunflower oil helps as a wound-healing agent for wounds and burns (oil dressing). Also it can be used in oily inhalation treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia.
The use of sunflower is used for arthritis and arthritis of various etiologies. "Hat" of the plant has healing properties, and it is made from the oil extract, which is used for grinding the external area of the joints of patients.
The roots of sunflower are used for "desalinisation" in urolithiasis, gout. Tea made from the roots: 1 cup crushed roots to pour 3 liters of water and boil for 1-2 minutes. All tea should be consumed within 2-3 days. The whole process of removing salt takes 1-2 months, and should abandon the hot spices, pickles, vinegar and smoked products.
Medicinal properties of the sunflower can be used and herpes. To do this, wash and scald with boiling water petal sunflower patch and fix in place rashes. Change the tab should be every 2-3 hours.
With increased nervous excitability using the following recipe: 3 tablespoons dried flowers of sunflower to pour 250 ml of vodka. Infuse for a week in a dark place, then strain and take 40 drops (50 ml of water) twice daily before meals.
Use sunflower can be useful and psoriasis. For this purpose the oil tincture, which is prepared as follows: dried rose placed in a quart jar (to 2/3 volume) and pour vodka. Infuse for 21 days in a dark place, stirring occasionally. The finished tincture should be dark brown and oily. She wiped psoriatic skin rash during the acute illness.
In addition, oily tincture of sunflower petals can be used for colds. To this end, it should be applied to 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. Children under 7 years, this infusion is not used for children older than that given ½ teaspoon three times a day. In the treatment of the common cold should be applied tincture of sunflower no more than 3 days.