azivin - synthetic drug used topically in the ENT practice for the treatment of acute respiratory diseases accompanied by rhinitis.
The active ingredient drops Nazivin produces vasoconstrictor effect.
The drug reduces the swelling of inflamed mucous membranes of the nose, restores nasal breathing reduces the amount of bleeding and prevents the development of bacterial complications including sinusitis, otitis media and sinusitis. When used in therapeutic doses it does not irritate the mucous membranes and has no systemic effects.
Nazivin takes effect within a few minutes after application, duration - 12 hours. Drops are widely used in pediatric patients, including newborns, but in pregnancy Nazivin used only on strict conditions.
Nazivin produced in the form of nasal drops transparent. 1 ml sample containing 100 micrograms (in dark vials of 5 ml pipette with a lid), 250 mg or 500 mg (dark vials of 10 ml pipette with a lid) oxymetazoline hydrochloride. Excipients - Disodium edetate dihydrate, benzalkonium chloride, 50% solution of sodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, sodium hydroxide 1M solution of sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate and purified water.
Nazivin also produced in the form of nasal spray, 1 ml of a solution containing 500 mg of spray oxymetazoline hydrochloride in 10 ml polyethylene bottle with a sprayer.
According to the instructions Nazivin used to treat:
- Acute respiratory diseases accompanied by rhinitis;
- Vasomotor rhinitis;
- Allergic rhinitis.
Also drops Nazivin apply:
- To restore drainage at Eustace, an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity otitis media;
- To eliminate the edema before diagnosis in the nasal passages.
Nazivin contraindicated to apply at:
- Atrophic rhinitis;
- Hypersensitivity to the drug;
- Angle-closure glaucoma.
Nazivin for infants and children up to 6 years of age are used in the dosage form 0, 05% solution.
During lactation and pregnancy Nazivin used only on strict conditions.
The drug is prescribed with caution at the same time:
- With MAO inhibitors and other drugs that increase blood pressure;
- At elevated intraocular pressure;
- In diabetes and thyrotoxicosis;
- In severe forms of cardiovascular disease, including hypertension and angina.
Instructions for use Nazivin
Depending on age using various dosage forms of the drug. For all ages drop Nazivin used 2-3 times a day, the recommended course - 3-5 days.
Children Nazivin assumed drops containing 0, 01 and 0%, 025% solution.
Nazivin for babies under one year are used in the form of 0, 01% solution:
- Infants up to a month introduced one drop in each nostril;
- From month to a year - 1-2 drops Nazivin.
For precision dosing Nazivin Baby bottle with 0, 01% solution has gradusnuju pipette.
Children 1-6 years old children used Nazivin 0, 25% of 1-2 drops.
It is also effective in children, depending on age Nazivin applied to cotton turundy and clean nasal passages.
Adults and children over 6 years appoint 1-2 drops 0, 05% solution.
When using Navizina during pregnancy can not be allowed to exceed the recommended dose.
According to the instructions Nazivin usually well tolerated. In rare cases, the drug can cause:
- Sneezing, dryness or burning of the nasal mucosa;
- Insomnia, anxiety, fatigue, or headache;
Prolonged use without breaks drops Nazivin of the instructions may lead to the return swelling of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity, atrophy or tachyphylaxis.
Note that the simultaneous use of Nazivin other vasoconstrictor drugs increases the risk of side effects.
In overdose Nazivin according to the instructions can cause:
- Increased body temperature;
- Constriction of the pupils;
- The collapse;
- pulmonary edema;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Inhibition of cardiac activity;
- Respiratory disorders.
Also, an overdose can cause mental disorders, bradycardia, respiratory arrest, hypotension.
Drops Nazivin - OTC drug. Shelf life - 3 years.