An ophthalmologist is a medical specialist who deals with treatment and prevention of eye diseases, as well as
the study of the physiology and anatomy of the eye.
The history of the profession
The first attempts to treat eye diseases have been carried out in the 1st century BC. The famous philosopher and scientist Cornelius Celsus allocated iris, ciliary body and the camera eye. Through the study, researchers first identified glaucoma and cataracts, as well as improved methods of pressure cataract, which was used until the late 16th century.
Arab scholars also drew knowledge from ancient civilizations and put them into practice. Ibn Haytham wrote a book on optics, which was the basis for the further establishment of points of view and theories. Ibn Sina in his treatise "The Canon of Medicine of Medicine" developed guidelines for ophthalmology, which was used in Europe for 600 years.
In the 19th century the first ophthalmic surgeries were performed by the surgeon John. Kritchetom from England. He is one of the founders of modern ophthalmology.
Currently, ophthalmologist profession covers a vast area of knowledge. In the US, these specialists are trained for 4 years in a bachelor's degree, and then another 4 years in the degree of Doctor of Ophthalmology. Also, this area of medicine is a complementary discipline that studies on medical residency.
Ophthalmology covers various aspects of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of eye diseases, and diseases of the brain that affect vision.
In the US and Europe, the curriculum includes ophthalmologist about vision science, pharmacology, basic methods of diagnosis and care, neuroscience, visual psychophysics and optics. Also, during the training aspects of the study of functional vision, therapy, anatomy, vision, histology, etc.
Ophthalmologist works closely with other specialists, including an ophthalmologist, an optometrist, a physiologist and psychotherapist.
The ophthalmologist can send the patient to the optometrist to restore vision, purpose optical devices or contact lenses.
Ophthalmologist can carry out prevention, screening and treatment as adults and children alike. Children ophthalmologist checks sight, determines eye diseases. These include cataracts, cataract, glaucoma, and other ritonopatiyu.
Also, children's ophthalmologist deals vision correction. There are several methods: refractive, optical and drug therapy. Only in extreme cases, children's ophthalmologist uses a surgical intervention.
Specificity of medical activity ophthalmologist
Ophthalmologist engaged in medical activities in the clinic and the eye department of the hospital, as well as in specialized clinics and dispensaries. The specialist can work in scientific centers, research institutes and organizations involved in the study of diseases of the eye.
Admission ophthalmologist performs daily, conducts surveys, check visual acuity and measures the intraocular pressure, and determines the state of the fundus. Reception of opthalmologist is both planned and urgency of immediate relief to the patient.
with advanced disease should contact an ophthalmologist regularly.
This doctor should receive complaints and wishes of patients. Positive feedback ophthalmologist gets the appointment procedures of the particular disease and the use of effective methods of treatment.
When serious violations of the doctor prescribes the operation, including trauma, cataracts, severe myopia and glaucoma.
In severe damage to the cornea transplant and spends ophthalmologist uses advanced biotechnology and nanotechnology. Currently, in many countries an opportunity to transplant the artificial cornea. Good reviews also receives an ophthalmologist after the operation without the quality of rejection cornea.
Ophthalmologist should be responsible, competent and professional medical specialist with a good motor skills, high accuracy and ethics at work. This person should continuously explore new technologies and to use modern methods of treatment of eye diseases.
Ophthalmologist should have good knowledge of anatomy and physiology, as well as other fundamental areas of medicine.
Consulting of an ophthalmologist and types of diagnosis
Currently, due to the high development of technology, the number of patients with eye diseases has increased dramatically. On receiving an ophthalmologist recorded as children and adolescents, and adults. Positive feedback will get an ophthalmologist, if you use the most effective methods of diagnosis.
To detect eye diseases doctor uses the following diagnostic methods:
- tonometry, which is a measurement of the pressure inside the eye;
- ophthalmoscopy which is fundus examination and the eyeball via the lens;
- visometry designed to determine visual acuity;
- skiascopy, which is used to determine the degree of astigmatism, farsightedness and nearsightedness;
- Iridology, which is a non-traditional method for studying the changes and diseases of the eye and pathological hereditary.