Tomato (tomato) - a perennial or annual herbaceous plant of the family Solanaceae.
Due to the low caloric content of tomato are often included in the diets of course, if there are no contraindications. As part of the tomato has a large number of minerals and vitamins, so they are excellent helpers in the fight against excess weight. A salt of potassium reduce the ability to hold water body tissues.
Homeland tomato deemed Tropical South America - or rather, Ecuador. There's this vegetable crop is a perennial evergreen plant. And the name of the vegetable was the Indians who once called him "pomidorl." The French called it pomme d'amoure, which means "apple of love."
In Europe, the tomato was shortly after the discovery of America and was first used exclusively as an ornamental plant and its fruits were considered not only inedible, but also poisonous. Decorated with plant beds and window sills, porches, gazebos, and in England and Russia it was grown in greenhouses on a par with rare flowers. Even in the dictionaries of the time the tomato was listed as a poisonous plant. Some detractors even tried this vegetable poison your enemy. Naturally, the success of this action is not brought, as it is now known that the plant is poisonous it stems, rather than fruit.
At the beginning of the 19th century in Russia, the plant began to be grown as a vegetable culture. This happened thanks to agronomist Andrei Bolotov Timofeyevich. And so it happened that on this day in Russia, the tomatoes are one of the most popular vegetables.
The composition and caloric content of tomatoes
100 g of tomato contains 0, 7 g protein, 0, 35 g fat, 0, 98 g fiber, 4, 32 g carbohydrates, 93 g of water, 6, 0, 45 g of organic acid 3, 45 g of mono- and disaccharides, 0, 35 g starch, 0, 75 g of ashes. Use tomato is rich in vitamin composition: PP, A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, C, E, H, K. The tomato contains the following trace elements: manganese, fluorine, chromium, selenium, copper, iodine, iron, zinc, cobalt, rubidium, nickel, boron, molybdenum; macro elements: magnesium, calcium, sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus and sodium.
Caloric tomato low at 20 kcal per 100 g of product.
The benefits of tomatoes
Initially, the tomato was considered not only useful vegetables, but also harmful. However, after a few centuries, scientists have thoroughly studied its composition, although to this day between them, there are many disputes about its toxicity.
The first and the undoubted benefits of the tomato can be attributed to good taste. In its composition there are many different vitamins and minerals essential for the human organism.
In addition, rich tomato tartaric, malic and citric acids. Despite the fact that many people believe that fruits and vegetables better to eat raw, the main benefit of the tomatoes acquire boiled.
This red vegetable is a powerful antidepressant due to the presence of serotonin, improving mood and establishes the nervous system. And the content of volatile production allows him to deal with inflammatory and antibacterial processes in the body.
Tomato seeds contain substances that thin the blood and prevent thrombosis. In addition, the tomato seeds are an excellent preventive measure against heart attack and other serious diseases. The peel tomatoes positive effect on intestinal motility.
The benefits of tomatoes is lycopene in - a powerful antioxidant, is a natural remedy for the treatment of various diseases. Lycopene inhibits growth of cancer cells and prevents DNA mutation. The benefits of tomatoes is greatly increased if you eat them with vegetable oil, because lycopene is better absorbed with vegetable fats. By the way, thanks to the lycopene in tomatoes red.
Due to the high content of nutrients tomatoes treat various diseases.
For example, tomato juice great help for diseases of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. It relieves constipation, which are often the result of diseases of the stomach and duodenum 12.
In cardiovascular diseases in the diet must be present the whole tomatoes, salads with them, and tomato juice. Fresh tomatoes, as well as heat-treated, are an excellent tool for all forms of atherosclerosis. And thanks to the high content of vitamins tomato perfectly helps with vitamin deficiency. So if you notice that your skin, hair and nails become worse look, it's time to stock up on vitamins and eating tomatoes.
Folk medicine has long been used as a tomato for the treatment of wounds and burns. For fresh wound, applied fresh tomato half, as the vegetable juice has antibacterial and antiseptic effect. And burns tomato juice mixed with egg white and applied to the sore spot. This helps reduce pain and speed up the recovery process.
Indian tribes have used tomatoes to increase potency. Indeed, the researchers found that tomatoes beneficial effects on the function of the gonads. It is no wonder that the French called them "apples of love."
In addition to the use of tomatoes and can cause harm to the body. The main damage to tomatoes - it's allergenicity. People who are prone to food allergies should not eat this vegetable in large quantities. In addition, the high content of oxalic acid in tomatoes, which have a negative effect on the water-salt metabolism, making them harmful for people with gout, arthritis, kidney disease.
There is also an opinion, although it is not known how much it is true that the frequent use of the tomato develops nicotine dependence.
Tomatoes are choleretic, so do not abuse them for people with gallstones, because as a result it can lead to stones stuck in the bile duct or cause the stones grow.
And people with kidney disease, cardiovascular system, high blood pressure, it is desirable to exclude from the diet of canned, pickled and pickled tomatoes. In addition, tomatoes and tomato juice can contribute to the formation of kidney stones and urinary bladder.
Nutritionists from the low calorie tomato recommend it to include dietary menus, insisting that they are incompatible with eggs, meat, bread and fish. Therefore, between the consumption of tomatoes and these products need to take a break in a couple of hours.