Sugar - high-calorie food.
According to statistics, people annually consumes about sixty kilos of carbohydrate.
Homeland of the product is considered to be India, where it has been known for about 2,500 years. Gleanings brown color made from sugar cane and is available in European countries from India. Egypt acted as a mediator in this trade.
In Russia, he first appeared around the 11th century. While this valuable product could only eat the king and his entourage.
In 1802 began the production of sugar from beet beginning near Tula, and later in other parts of the country.
In terms of composition and properties of sugar is divided into disaccharides, monosaccharides and polysaccharides.
It ranked as monosaccharides fructose (fruit sugar), dextrose or glucose (grape sugar) and galactose. By disaccharides include maltose (malt sugar), lactose (milk sugar) and sucrose (cane and beet sugar). Human intestine digests only monosaccharides.
Currently, different types of sugar is produced - palm, cane, beet, white and brown. His views are produced in treated and untreated form.
Refined (purified) sugar is subjected to a steam treatment, is converted into the syrup is filtered and then it becomes beautiful white mass, which was evaporated and then dried.
Honey - a special type of sugar. It contains about 20% water, trace elements and minerals and 80% sugar as sucrose, glucose and fructose.
Useful properties for the human body brown sugar attributed by the content of molasses and a whole range of useful components. Although the rate of caloric brown sugar is much higher than white.
The following types of sugar: baking, fruit, regular, crystal, ultrafine, rough, liquid, powder and sugar confectionery dusting.
The best known among sugar and sugar in the form of refined sugar. Less popular are lumpy and candy sugar. Most often they are served in restaurants for drinks.
Food value and caloric content of sugar
One hundred grams of this sweet product contains 99 8 g mono- and disaccharides, 0, 1 g of ashes, 0, 1 g of water, 3 mg of calcium, 0, 3 mg of iron, potassium 3 mg and 1 mg of sodium.
Calorie sugar - 399 kcal per 100 g of product. Scientists believe that women can be consumed daily to four teaspoons of this product for men - no more than six spoons, and children - one teaspoon per day.
Useful properties of sugar
An important use of sugar is its ability to activate blood circulation in the brain and spinal cord. Among scientists there is a perception that sugar brings undoubted benefits for diseases of the spleen and liver as glucose supports the barrier function of the liver, participating in the synthesis of glucuronic and paired with sulfuric acid.
This product is indirectly increases the release of serotonin in the brain - "hormone good mood."
Sugar is one of the main sources of carbohydrates for the human body. By the use of sugar is the fact that this sweet product saturates the human muscles with the necessary energy, eliminates headaches, relieves fatigue for a short period of time.
Talking about the dangers of sugar, it should be remembered that the product is internal and external.
The first is contained in cereals, fruits, some vegetables. This type of sugar is not considered harmful, as in the human body it is delayed in an amount necessary for normal life.
Outside the sugar contained in the molasses, cakes, candy, drinks and other sweet dishes. The use of this type of sugar in a large amount of harm to the organism.
White refined sugar from beet or cane does not contain fiber, vitamins, protein and minerals. This product is 99% pure simple carbohydrates.
Sugar in contact with the body immediately fed into the blood plasma. It is absorbed rapidly into the blood so that it requires excessive insulin concentrations. The sharp jump in insulin decreases the concentration of carbohydrate in the blood, thereby developing hypoglycemia. This condition is manifested in fatigue, loss of energy, slowness of movements, dizziness, anemia, low blood pressure, darkening of the eyes, hair loss, cyanosis.
The greatest damage to sugar is that it removes from the body calcium, and other minerals absorb valuable nutrients depletes protein stock. All this leads to the development of caries, rickets, osteoporosis - bone loss disease.
The sharp increase and a sharp decline in the concentration of glucose in the blood causes a false sense of hunger.
Consumption of protein in sufficient quantity and the excessive consumption of sugar leads to the development of obesity, and the lack of protein in the body and excessive intake of sugar is very often the cause of thinness.
Excessive sugar consumption reduces the strength of the immune system in seventeen times. London doctors have found that this sweet product is able to partly change the bacteria in the mucosa of the intestinal wall. This leads to the disintegration of the bile salts and the formation of substances causing cancer.
Cardiovascular disease is caused by a combination of sugar and animal fats, which are deposited on the walls of the arteries as cholesterol.
Excessive consumption of sugary foods increases the risk of diabetes, diseases of the brain, blood, and contributes to premature aging. Carbohydrate is deposited in the collagen of the skin, reducing its elasticity.
Eating sugar contributes to the formation of harmful free radicals that kill the human body from the inside.