Sprat are marine fish from the herring family, which reach a length of 18 cm and have a body weight to 15 g Sprat are gray scales with a silvery sheen. This fish eats zooplankton reaches full maturity in 2 years old and lives up to 6 years.
Biological characteristics and distribution
There are four main types of the fish:
- European sprat that live in the seas of the European coast of Norway and in the Black Sea;
- South American sprats that live in Patagonia;
- New Zealand sprats;
- Tasmanian sprats.
European sprat is a popular commercial fish, which are made from canned and import them worldwide.
Active catching sprat is conducted in Russia, Latvia, Bulgaria, Denmark, Norway and Yugoslavia. The greatest value has this kind of Baltic fish, which contains a large amount of fat, has a pleasant taste and aroma. This fish is especially popular in Europe in the form of a salt.
Sprats Fish is a low-calorie product that is suitable for the diet. Caloric sprat is 136 kcal, and also in fish contains 17 g of protein and 7 grams of fat.
Canned food is energy-dense foods that are not suitable for diet food. Caloric sprat as cans of 363 kcal, and they contained 17, 5 g protein, 32 g fat and 0 5 g of carbohydrates.
Useful properties of sprats
Sprat are of great benefit due to the content of amino acids and easily digestible protein. In the tissues of fish contain fatty acids, which normalize the activity of the cardiovascular system, improve blood circulation of the brain, relieve symptoms of depression and contribute to the restoration of the joints in various diseases.
Sprat source of B vitamins A, C and E, and minerals such as phosphorus, chromium, calcium and potassium.
Regular consumption of this fish allows for the prevention of diabetes, osteoporosis, arthritis and thrombosis.
Canned sprats are high in fat and rich in microelements such as sodium, chloride and magnesium as well as trace elements (zinc, fluoride, iron). These nutrients stabilize blood glucose levels, enhance the blood vessels and prevent the formation of malignant tumors. Vitamins D, E, PP, B6, B2 and B9 positive effect on the regeneration of cells, brain function and skin condition. Sprats also contain fatty acids omega-3, which normalize cholesterol levels.
In Europe, the most popular sprats obtained as canned food. During their manufacture the fish are sorted, leaving only whole and strong, and small fish and damage to weed out pate. The collected fish treated and then smoked in special workshops and placed in cans. In summer, the fish has a large fat reserves, so it is placed in jars belly up. And also in the oil container is filled and sent for sterilization.
The proper preparation of sprat affect their flavor and aroma, as well as the integrity and shelf life. After a storage time of oil permeates sprats, and they acquire a special taste. Experts note that the tastes are sprats, which lay in the banks year, and not freshly made preserves.
Currently, this kind of Baltic fish significantly reduced, so the production of canned food often use other types of fish: sprat, herring and sprat. Therefore, the name of the canned food was not the kind of personify the fish and the method of its preparation.
With the right preparation and the necessary sequence of sprat fish technology in the bank does not crumble, does not have swellings of the skin and is not over-dry. If you open canned whole fish with a golden hue, and expanded even close, it is a quality product. The structure includes canned fish, vegetable oil and salt.
Sprat can be eaten not only in the form of canned food from them can cook soup, a variety of fish dishes, burgers, sandwiches, salads.
With regular use of the fish slows the aging process and the body is saturated with the necessary amount of vitamin E, as well as the normalization of metabolic processes.
In some cases, sprat may cause allergic reactions. Also, this fish should not be consumed by people with gout, severe diseases of the digestive system and intestinal disorders.
Canned sprat can not be included in the diet of people with excess weight and keep diet menus.
If the manufacture of canned food was formed benzopyrene, which is a carcinogen, such sprats with frequent use can cause serious harm to human body.