Sprat - a subspecies of small game fish herring family. Baltic herring inhabits the waters of the Baltic Sea with a reduced
salinity and is called the Baltic herring.
Sprat length is 20 cm (in some cases, up to 37 cm), weight - 76 grams. This small fry is the champion of the Baltic Sea fisheries, accounting for more than 50% of the catch, produced in the area.
Baltic herring differs from herring spawning in the Atlantic sea, low-fat, but it is an excellent product for the preparation of sausages, pickles and marinades. In some areas of Russia herring has a proud name "fumade."
In Sweden and Finland, the Baltic herring is the national dish, and in the Netherlands each year arranged a festival in honor of this tasty and useful fish.
Like any other seafood, herring contains essential amino acids and omega-3 fatty acids, which are struggling with high cholesterol in the blood, preventing atherosclerotic changes in vessels. Eating omega-3 fatty acids from food (and our body can not produce these substances on their own) improves the cardiovascular system (reducing the risks of heart attacks and heart attacks), normalizes blood pressure, relieves inflammation in the joints, improves vision, contribute to a more successful the brain. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids are an excellent antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, displays the body of free radicals and other toxic substances.
This is not confined to the use herring: in this small fish high content of vitamins (A, D, B1, B2, B12, C, E, PP), as well as micro and macro: magnesium (20 mg), calcium (20 mg) sodium (70 mg), phosphorus (220 mg), potassium (210 mg), sulfur (150 mg), chloride (165 mg), zinc (1, 35 mg), iron (1 mg), iodine (50 ug) manganese (0, 09 mg), chromium (5 g), nickel (6 g), molybdenum (4 g). Sprat - a product characterized by high fluoride content (430 mg), copper (160 mg) and cobalt (25 mg).
herring contains 120-125 calories, of which 5, 6 and 17 grams of fat, 3 grams of protein. The composition sprat varies depending on the characteristics of the fish. Thus, the caloric value of Baltic herring are:
- Crude herring (125 kcal, 5 grams of fat, 17 g protein);
- Smoked herring (152 kcal, 5, 6 grams of fat, 25, 4 proteins);
- Spring-summer Baltic herring (93 calories, 3 g fat, 17 g protein 5);
- The autumn-winter herring (143 kcal, 8, 3 g fat, 17 g protein).
There is a complete absence of carbohydrates in Salak.
How to cook herring
Like any other fish, herring preferably steamed, grilled or baked in the oven, not more than 20-30 minutes - it will keep the product in the highest amount of nutrients. In salted, smoked and dried herring benefits it is still, however, the nutritional value of these products is greatly reduced.
Due to the frequent use of herring in salt form, to abuse of the fish is not recommended for people suffering from kidney disease, high blood pressure and swelling of the extremities.