Shrimp are crustaceans infraorder that belongs squad decapod.
They live in all seas of the world, some species are found even in fresh water. Size shrimp varies and depends on the membership of a particular type, but the adult does not exceed 30 cm and be at least 2 cm. The size of the specimens directly proportional to the temperature of water in which they are found: in warmer seas found shrimp larger. The largest shrimp called royal (length 20 cm) and Tiger (length 30 cm). The main suppliers of shrimp in our country are Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Thailand and the countries of Latin America. It is estimated that shrimp from South-East Asia, distinguished by the presence of additives (including antibiotics), and lower quality in comparison with the animals supplied from Ecuador, Nicaragua and Brazil, where higher standards of quality.
Cold-water shrimp are brought to us from Norway, Estonia, Canada, Denmark and Lithuania. They are smaller, but more tasty, healthy and nutritious. Connoisseurs claim that the best taste qualities inherent in shrimp ponds of Greenland and Canada.
In Russia, the main habitat of these arthropods are the sea Far East, where their species diversity reaches hundreds of species.
The shops shrimp arrive in refrigerated, frozen, canned and fresh. Fresh frozen shrimp retain all the useful properties, so they are preferred.
The composition and caloric content of shrimp
Shrimp - the product not only very tasty but also very useful, because when a low calorie content of shrimp minerals, vitamins and trace elements in them is enormous.
Thus, shrimp contain the following vitamins: B9, PP, C, B1, B2, D, E. Additional trace elements contained in these animals - sodium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, iodine, zinc, sulfur, calcium, fluoride, manganese, cobalt, magnesium, copper and molybdenum.
The content of iodine - an element necessary for normal functioning of the thyroid gland - shrimp bypass beef in a hundred times.
In their structure they contain almost exclusively protein that can be attributed to dietary this product. 100 g of nutrient content of the shrimp is 18, 3 g, whereas the content of fat and carbohydrates, respectively, 1, and 0 2 g, 8 g
Calorie shrimp is 87 kcal, which makes this product indispensable for those who follow the diet and figure.
Useful properties of shrimp
The benefits of shrimp is difficult to overestimate. Along with a low-calorie shrimp, there are many useful features shrimp, due to which the seafood won the love among people of different cultures and nationalities.
So, experts claim that the person regularly eat these arthropods, others suffer less from allergies and feature a strong immune system, and vascular disease bother them much less.
Nutritionists recommend a diet to include shrimp in those who are prone to inflammatory diseases, and frequent colds. Also known and proven to be beneficial in the prevention of cancer of shrimp diseases.
Those who wish to keep youth longer useful properties of shrimp also come to the rescue. The fact that the shrimp contains astaxanthin - a powerful antioxidant, a natural carotenoid that shrimp are obliged not only to its bright color, but also the ability to influence the formation and development of new tissues and cells.
Finally, the absence of shrimp saturated fat and the presence of omega-3 fatty acids making them tasty and healthy delicacy for those who suffer from obesity or atherosclerosis.