Saira - the fish from the family sauries. Under these
name connected to two fish species that inhabit the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
The appearance of the fish is slightly different. In Atlantic saury jaw slightly longer than the Pacific. But the habits and lifestyles of the two species are almost identical. Saury have long torso, covered with small, easy decidua scales, jaws stretched and pointed. Boca with a greenish tinge, belly silvery, back dark. The fish reaches a length of 40 centimeters and weighs 200 grams. The life expectancy of the fish is 6-7 years. It reaches sexual maturity in the third year of life.
Cold water fish do not like, preferring to dwell in the subtropical and temperate regions of both hemispheres. It lives in the open ocean in shallow water and feed on zooplankton. Pacific saury subject to seasonal migrations in winter, it sails to the shores of the eastern and southern Japan, where it spawns. In the summer, it rises in the northern regions, up to Sakhalin and Kamchatka.
Spawning takes place in small portions. On the upper surface of the eggs have long thin strands with which they are attached to the floating object. Saira responds to electric light than with the success enjoyed fishermen: using light traps fish gather in large numbers on the surface and are caught in a network, get down to minesweepers.
Saira has great commercial value. In the sale it arrives in the form of fresh frozen or in cans. For the preparation of canned saury fish used, the age of three. Canned food is very popular as a separate dish, as well as a variety of appetizers, salads and fish soups. Preparation of frozen saury is not particularly difficult. It is exposed to all types of cooking, it is baked, stewed, fried.
In recent years, unscrupulous manufacturers flooded the market of lower-quality canned food and cheaper raw materials, which are sold under the guise of saury. Therefore, the buyer should be careful when buying.
The composition and caloric content of saury
Mostly saury fillet consists of a protein is present as a small amount of fat. In different seasons, the number of components may vary, but an average of 100 g of the product accounts for 19 grams of protein and 12 grams of fat. Carbohydrates are completely absent in the fish that is highly valued by nutritionists.
The composition saury includes such useful substances such as polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6, and a set of macro and microelements and vitamins. Present in these fish vitamin PP in an amount of 16% of the required daily requirement for man.
The saury fat contains vitamins B, D, A, so fish is a valuable food. Macro- and micronutrients are calcium, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, chlorine, iron, nickel, molybdenum, manganese, fluorine, chromium.
Calorie saury is quite high and is about 200 kcal per 100 g of product.
Useful properties saury
Fish in general is a useful product for the human body. For example, contained in a set of Sayre minerals helps to quickly restore the necessary content of magnesium, iron and calcium, which helps to avoid anemia.
Vitamin D and phosphorus contribute to a better absorption of calcium, helping to maintain in good condition the bones of the skeleton, and for the child's body the fish is a must, as it contributes to the normal growth and development of teeth.
Fatty acids with
won in fish help reduce cholesterol in the blood. Regular cooking saury and her food intake normalizes the thyroid gland and lowers blood sugar. And B vitamins provide full operation of the nervous system.
However, scientists believe that the biggest advantage lies in its saury oil. High-calorie from saury because of the high content of fat in it, whose share accounts for about 10% of its weight. It is in the fat contained the most precious natural substances - polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6. They are a source of docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids that the human body can not produce on their own. Because of these acids are synthesized in our body hormones that are responsible for full operation of the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems, improves vision, regulates fat metabolism, a reduction in platelet aggregation provides a healthy brain, improves efficiency, increases vitality.
Useful saury also by the content of amino acids - taurine, which is a beneficial effect on the blood, promotes the production of bile, enhances insulin action, normalizes the process of digestion. Regular consumption of this fish is an excellent prevention of arthritis, tooth decay and osteoporosis.
Recently, Japanese scientists have found that the frequent use of saury significantly reduced the risk of cancer of the liver.
Saury and useful for weight loss. Many women who dream to lose weight, replace meat protein in the fish contained in Sayre. Also great for people saury adhering carbohydrate-free diet.
How to choose and store saury
To saury not bring harm, you must know how to properly select and store. When choosing fish, it is necessary to carefully examine the surface. Fresh saury has a greenish-blue tint. If the fish streaked with yellow, it means that it has been subjected to repeated freezing and thawing.
If a fish is present mucus, this suggests that the fish is stale, and it bred bacteria. By the way, on the gills and mucus should not be. They have fresh fish is bright red.
It will not hurt to smell as saury, to make sure that anything other than fish, it does not smell.
By purchasing fresh-frozen fish and unfreeze it, you need to clean it. Make sure that all the internal organs were removed and the inside of the abdomen rinse thoroughly. This, far from being superfluous, precaution will help warn you against infection Acanthocephala living in the intestines of fish.
Only after that can safely be taken for preparing saury or put it on the long-term storage in the freezer. But do not be too long to keep saury in the freezer, as from this, it loses its beneficial qualities and flavor.