Rosehip belongs to the family Rosaceae pink and detachment.
This plant has a number of cultural forms, which are grown as a shrub rose or rose hips.
The use of rose hips was established by numerous research and plant is considered medicinal. Used rosehips in medicine, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and food industries.
Biological characteristics and distribution
There are more than 400 species of wild rose, as well as more than 100 cultivars. Wild rose bushes are erect or creeping stems up to 10 m. In Russia, small shrubs grow, and in Germany and France, Rosa Canina grows up to 13 meters.
In the subtropical climate of growing vines rozy- with tree shape and curved stems. Dwarf types of roses and rose hips Eychison popular in Central Asia. They reach a height of 5-10 cm, bloom in the third year and grow to 6 years.
Wild rose blooms in Europe in May and June a few days, but in central Russia flowering lasts up to 20 days. The plant begins to bear fruit in the age of three and provides a bountiful harvest in the next 3-5 years.
Fruit of wild rose called tsinarrodiem and has sepals. When ripe, the fruit takes on a reddish, orange or black, covered with bristles and becomes dryish. The shape of the stem tsinarrody is concave, round, ovoid, elliptical, pear and urceolate.
Brier began to be cultivated in many countries around the world. They were bred various kinds of plants that have naturalized in the wild in Europe, Asia and North America.
Useful properties of rosehip
Much is due to the use of rose hips rich in its composition of vitamins and minerals. The plant contains vitamins B, C and E, carotene, riboflavin, calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, essential oils, citric acid, tannins and malic acid.
Useful properties of rosehip actively used in the vitamin industry. Preparations obtained therefrom with a large amount of vitamin C and ascorbic acid, such as holosas and syrup. Rosehip has anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-edema effect.
A greater use of rosehip in the treatment of burns, fractures, infections, bleeding gums and inflammation of the mouth.
Rose hips contain organic acids, pectin and flavonoids, which strengthen the immune system, enhance the protective functions against viral diseases, improve blood circulation and normalize blood sugar.
Widespread use of rose hips is in medicine and cosmetology. The medical use of the seeds, flowers and leaves of plants create infusions, which have tonic and tonic effect.
Infusions and decoctions of wild rose stop bleeding, promote urination and biliary excretion, accelerate the process of regeneration.
High hips use in the treatment of colds, rheumatism, tuberculosis, or disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
Rosehip is the result of the average calorie, which is 109 calories. Also contained in plant proteins 1g, 22 g carbohydrates and 0, 7 g fat.
Application of wild rose
In winter, the regular use of rose hips allows the body the necessary amount of vitamin C and minerals.
Fresh peeled rose hips have a sour taste and are used as a vitamin agent, together with the sugar.
In folk medicine, highly valued the healing properties of rosehip. The infusion is prepared from the fruit shells and used as an anesthetic. From the dried fruit can be cooked broth and brew tea in a thermos. The infusion is recommended to use for people with hypertension, infectious diseases and anemia.
Flowers are plant brewed with honey and used as a lotion for the treatment of eye diseases. Broth hips effective for removal of kidney stones and urinary bladder.
In cosmetology used rosehip oil, which contains fatty acids, necessary for the strengthening and improvement of the skin. It is also made from the fruit of a special cream with the addition of glycerol and ammonia, which is used to care for your hands and feet. From wild rose petals create decoctions for washing and cosmetic masks, which tones the skin, relieve fatigue and promote regeneration.
Rosehip should be consumed in moderation as it is rich in many vitamins, nutrients, and organic acids.
Broth and tinctures with the content of rose hips are contraindicated in diseases of the liver, and they can not drink for a long time, since the high likelihood of infectious jaundice.
Rosehip is contraindicated if you are hypersensitive, and the presence of severe diseases of the digestive system.
Strong decoctions and infusions hips should be taken through a plastic tube, and after being used to rinse the oral cavity, to prevent yellowing and damage to the enamel of teeth.
To use rosehip contraindications are renal failure, thrombotic events, hypertension and increased acidity.