Milk powder - the product obtained from natural cow milk by condensing and drying it in special dryers. This well-known product is a soluble powder that
was dissolved in warm water. Ready drink keeps all the beneficial properties of natural milk. This product was first used in the early nineteenth century. The first commercial production of dry milk established in 1932 chemist M. Dirchov.
The drink is produced by pasteurization and thickening of fresh cow's milk. It was then homogenized and spray-dried and roller drying at a temperature of 150-180 degrees Celsius. After drying the product was sieved and cooled.
This product is more popular in the winter, in regions where fresh milk is available in limited quantities.
The composition and caloric content of milk powder
Today produced whole milk, skim milk and instant. Their difference in the percentage of certain substances in the fields of application.
Whole and skim milk powder in the composition contain 4 and 5% moisture, 26 and 36% protein, 25% fat and 1, 37 and 52% lactose, 10 and 6% minerals.
Calorie whole milk powder is 549, 3 kcal calorie nonfat dry milk - 373 calories.
100 grams of milk have vitamin A - 0 003 mg B1 - 0, 046 mg, B2 - 2, 1 mg, D - 0, 57 micrograms Choline - 23, 6 mg of vitamin PP - 5 mg of vitamin E - 3, 2 mg, vitamin C - 4 mg, vitamin B12 - 0, 4 mcg Vitamin B9 - 5 mkg.
The composition of the milk powder is included a significant amount of calcium (1,000 mg), sodium (400 mg), potassium (1200 mg) and phosphorus (780 mg). The small amount of milk contained magnesium, cobalt, molybdenum, selenium, manganese, and iron, iodine, sulfur and chlorine.
This drink contains all twenty essential amino acids.
The use of milk powder
Quite often, the media discussed the replacement of natural milk producers dilute dry. What is the difference between milk from a fresh drink? By analytical comparison proved that the difference between whole milk and milk reconstituted from a dry powder insignificant. The benefits of milk powder primarily is the fact that it is made from the same natural cow's milk. However, the nutritional value of natural cow's milk is higher due to the content of proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates. The cholesterol content is approximately the same in both the dry and natural milk.
Vitamin B12 is contained in the dry milk in large quantities, making it useful for anemia. One hundred grams of reconstituted milk powder satisfies the daily need for this vitamin.
The use of milk powder depends on its quality. Only a quality product can temporarily replace the natural milk.
Harm milk powder
powdered milk can cause in the absence of humans enzyme cleavage lactose. The characteristic symptoms of intolerance may be diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain.
Considerable damage to milk causes the human body provided by manufacturers of non-compliance of technological norms of production of the drink. For example, skim milk, some manufacturers add no milk fat, and low-quality deodorized vegetable fats which deprive the product of fat-soluble vitamins. To identify such a breach is possible only by laboratory tests. Therefore, the choice of milk, it is desirable to give preference to well-known brands of large manufacturers.
To a dry milk powder turned out, it is necessary to prepare. For this purpose it is necessary to dissolve the powder with warm water at a ratio of one to three. According to some scientists, it is best to drink milk early in the morning or late in the evening. At other times of the day, this drink can be harmful to the digestive system. After that, it is not recommended to eat food. The milk can add a little sugar or honey and fennel, cardamom - they soothe the nervous system.
The product was used in baby food, as well as for the manufacture of bakery products, in confectionery products as an additive in sausages and meat products.
Moreover, this beverage is used in cosmetics for the preparation of masks, creams. Mask based on milk significantly improves skin tone and has a lifting effect. For flaky and very dry skin perfect mask of a mixture of honey and flax seed. For dry and normal skin is useful to apply a mask of a mixture of honey, egg yolk and milk.
Store powdered milk in a dark and dry place, at a humidity of 85% and a temperature of from 0 to 10 degrees Celsius. Shelf life - up to eight months from the date of issue.