Potatoes as vegetables, originated in South America, where it is now possible to see its wild bushes. The Indians are not just used for food potatoes, and worshiped before him as a living being. Brought potatoes into the food culture of more than 14 thousand. Years ago.
Useful properties of potatoes and calorie
Potatoes - a priceless gift to man from Mother Nature. Scientists call it a botanical masterpiece and have long argued about the undeniable benefits of potatoes. He is considered one of the most useful vegetables, in addition, has excellent nutritional properties. Potato tubers contain a large number of different compounds that have a beneficial effect on the body.
The nutritional value of potatoes and benefits provided by the content of the following substances:
Significant benefits of potatoes for human caused by the content of a variety of vitamins:
- Vitamin A;
- B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B9);
- Vitamin K;
- Vitamin C;
- Vitamin E.
Useful properties of potato also provides an extensive list of macronutrients that are part of this vegetable:
Trace elements in this vegetable a lot, which provides the unique properties of the potato and its benefits:
Minerals in potato tubers are distributed unevenly. Thus, the most useful potatoes contained in the skin, and less - in the middle of the tuber. At the top of the potato benefit consisting in a high content of vitamins and minerals, more
Of particular benefit is the potatoes because mineral elements in its tuber are easily digestible for the human form. They are represented by the alkali salts that can provide base balance in the blood.
And with such a variety of properties of the potato and its benefits, calorie potato 100 g of the product is 83 kcal.
The use of potatoes
The potato is a unique product that can be consumed for a long time without adding to your diet no other products. Calorie potatoes sufficient to saturate and fill the human body with the necessary energy. Eating potatoes with the skin, the body does not need any extra fat. The fact that she peels potatoes and contains the necessary body fats. The nutritional value of potato protein is also very high. The potato is rightly received high called "second bread". Potatoes are always on the table, he is loved and revered, he was never bored.
Potato varieties since its initial use in human food, there are many. Currently grown more than 4 thousand. Potato varieties. Potato varieties differ in purpose, i.e., in the direction of the product. For example, potatoes can be feed (fodder), it is used for animal feed. Potato cultivars grown for human consumption. Potato varieties differ according to certain criteria:
- The period of maturation;
- Keeping quality of tubers (possibility of storage);
- Resistance to diseases.
Potato varieties are also divided on the extent and timing of maturation of tubers:
- Medium early;
- Is middle;
- Of medium;
- It is late.
Early maturing varieties of potatoes less productive, they are unstable to diseases such potato tubers contain less starch. But such shortcomings compensated early ripening.
Potato protein contains nearly all naturally occurring essential amino acids. Eaten 300 grams per day of boiled potatoes provide the full need of the human body in carbohydrates, phosphorus and potassium. 100 g young potato contains nearly 20 mg of vitamin C. But when stored vitamin C content is reduced and the spring is reduced three times. Boiled potatoes can be eaten even in periods of acute peptic ulcer, because fiber does not irritate.
It is extremely useful to health fresh potato juice. For example, it is used to treat a number of diseases:
- Stomach ulcer;
- Chronic gastritis;
- Duodenal ulcer.
Useful properties of potato juice in it, have such effects for the body:
1. The normalization of gastric acidity;
2. Regulation of bowel function;
3. Prevention of heartburn;
5. Reduction in blood pressure;
6. Preventing constipation.
Thus, the analgesic properties of the potato in its juice are used to control the head and tooth pain, painful menstruation in women. The pain is removed due to the content in the potato substance acetylcholine.
Juice made from potatoes need to squeeze out, using only fresh and undamaged tubers. It is necessary to remember that if the potatoes are rotten, turned green, then it begins to produce a harmful substance, solanine.
Use potatoes perfectly used for vomiting, nausea and belching. Acidity in the stomach is reduced, and the digestive system returns to normal.
Potato starch in the composition is capable of reducing the level of cholesterol in blood and liver. Thus, the use of potatoes in the property antisclerotic character. The presence of potassium in the vegetable causes the effect of removing excess fluid from the body. This is a very important property of a potato has a beneficial effect in diseases of the kidney and heart. Emergency benefit potatoes brings renal failure patients when combined with chicken eggs. In addition, people often drink, also suffer from edema. In this case, it is also useful to drink potato juice during a hangover, or at least a snack potato alcohol.
Buying vegetables, potatoes should be chosen for variety, by its appearance. Tubers should be smooth and firm. They must be dyed evenly. If there tuber green spots, this means that the storage has been broken, and the potatoes stored in the light. Eyes potatoes also contain the harmful substance solanine, they must be cut, food, you should not use them.
Useful properties of the potato can be used not only in the form of juice. Potato peelings can be used as inhalations for colds. To do this, breathe over the steam of freshly brewed cleanings. Perfectly heals cuts, burns and wounds potato broth (water after boiling potatoes).
Contraindications and harm from the use of potatoes
It is not recommended to use potatoes (especially in raw form) under the following health problems:
- Enteritis, enterocolitis and colitis in the aggravating phase;
- urolithiasis disease;
- Increased acidity of the stomach.
You can not eat potatoes in obesity and diabetes because the potato calorie significantly high. It is a great calorie potato and wrong combination of foods can lead to weight gain.