Pitahaya - bushy cactus tree with juicy fruits at the ends of the stems. The fruits of different species of cactus
They differ in size, the color of the pulp in surface smoothness. All fruits Pitahaya have a large number of black seeds.
Homeland Pitahaya considered the Western Hemisphere. The first mention of this exotic fruit belongs to the thirteenth century. Sour and sweet fruit Pitahaya were popular among the Indian tribes that lived in what is now California. Pulp Indians ate and toasted seeds, milled and used for cooking pohlebok.
Now it is grown in Israel, in several countries in South and Central America, Mexico and Vietnam.
There are three main types of Pitahaya - yellow, red and Costa Rican. Peel the red fruits red and pink and white pulp. Costa Rican Pitahaya has red skin and flesh, and have yellow fruit yellow peel and white pulp. Yellow fruits are the most sweet with a pretty strong odor. The taste of red Pitahaya pretty bland, and the flavor is light and grassy. In view of "dragon fruit" (second name Pitahaya) like a small pineapple. Its weight varies from 150 to 750 grams. The flesh of the fruit is similar to the consistency of sour cream, and taste it vaguely reminiscent of kiwi and banana.
Useful properties Pitahaya due to the high content of nutrients. Its pulp is water, carbohydrates, small amounts of polyunsaturated fats available. "Dragon fruit" is considered a good source of natural antioxidants, vitamin B1, PP, B3, B2, and especially - fiber, phosphorus, calcium, iron and other minerals.
Calorie fruit - 50 calories per hundred grams of product.
Useful properties Pitahaya
Properties Pitahaya suggest it a valuable dietary product. This fruit boosts immunity, reduces the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood, improves the function of the digestive tract.
It is also believed that the fruit has a beneficial effect on the quality of vision.
Useful properties Pitahaya used cooking and cosmetology. This fruit is added to candy, sherbet, ice cream, yogurt. Because of its flesh make jams and jellies. All the fruit retains its properties in combination with hibiscus, pear, sandalwood, musk, jasmine. In Central America, a very popular dish of almonds to Pitahaya.
In cosmetology, this fruit is added to creams, shower gels.
How to eat Pitahaya
How to eat
Pitahaya? It can be used in pure form, but also used for the preparation of desserts and drinks.
Usually the fruit is cut into two halves and eat the flesh of little spoons. You can also cut it lengthwise to get two equal parts, which in turn cut into slices still like to make the watermelon and melon. Do not eat the peel Pitahaya. Before serving it should be cool. "Dragon Fruit" not aligned with dishes that have a sharp taste.
Pitahaya often used for the manufacture of soft drinks. In Spain, the juice of Pitahaya mixed with lime juice (lemon). Edible flowers and bushes. They are added to tea to create an exquisite flavor.