Description of passion fruit
Passion fruit, also known as passion fruit, purple or Granadilla Passiflora edible refers to perennial plants from the genus Passionflower (Passiflora).
Homeland passionfruit are wild subtropical areas of South America, is likely to Paraguay. Currently, passionflower cultivated in most countries in Central and South America, as well as in New Zealand, Australia, Hawaii and South Africa.
There are more than 400 varieties of passion fruit, which differ in size, shape, colors and taste the fruit, most of which are edible.
Passion fruit - extraordinarily beautiful climbing plant, which, like grapes in the growing season produces antennae and encircles everything that comes in his way. Passionflower blooms greenish-white fragrant flowers. The life expectancy of the plant is 5-7 years.
Passion fruit wax have a smooth surface and oval in diameter from 4 to 8 centimeters (like lemon). The average weight is about 35-50 g
Now the two main types of cultivated passion fruit - with purple and yellow fruit. Yellow fruit is usually more than the purple, and grow to the size of a grapefruit. However, the pulp purple fruits more juicy and sweet, and has a richer flavor and taste. Inside the fruit are placed membrane bags containing meaty juice with numerous small seeds, pitted.
The composition of passion fruit
Useful properties of passion fruit due to its chemical composition. So, in 100 g of fruit contains:
- 78 g water;
- 2, 4 g protein;
- 0, 4 grams of fat;
- 13, 4 g carbohydrates;
- 1, 5 grams of fiber.
In addition, the fruit is rich in vitamins, including most of ascorbic acid and vitamin PP (24 and 2 respectively 5 mg per 100 g fruit). Passionfruit also contains other vitamins, namely vitamins A, B1, B6, B5, B2, E, H and K
Passion fruit can be attributed to a number of fruits, containing a large amount of potassium, which plays a major role in the cardiovascular system (340 mg per 100 g of fruit). Passionfruit also contains other macronutrients, namely calcium, sodium, sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus and magnesium.
Of the trace elements contained in the fruit of Passiflora, most of the iron and zinc (1, 3, and 0 to 25 mg per 100 g, respectively) as well as in small quantities is iodine, manganese, copper, fluoride, and others.
100 g of passion fruit contains on average about 68 kcal.
Useful properties of passion fruit
Thanks to its balanced mineral composition and high content of potassium, doctors, nutritionists recommend eating passion fruit diseases of the liver, cardiovascular system and urinary tract. Also, thanks to low-calorie and high nutritional value, they are advised to use this fruit for weight loss.
Passion fruit has antipyretic, antimicrobial and laxative properties. Other useful properties of passion fruit is the ability to improve the digestive system, reduce cholesterol in the blood and rid the body of toxins, uric acid and other metabolic products.
Passion fruit pulp is a source of dietary fiber content in some grades of up to 27%. Fiber provides the excretion of cholesterol from the body, as well as protection of the mucous membrane of the colon.
Large amounts of vitamin C, contained in passion fruit, enhances immunity against influenza and other infectious diseases. Vitamin A and flavonoids are necessary to maintain good vision and nutrition of the skin and mucous membranes.
Passion fruit juice has a calming properties, it helps reduce fatigue and improve sleep quality. Some studies argue that the passion fruit juice inhibits the growth of cancer cells. The seeds of fruits are an important source of protein.
Oil Passion Fruit
Passion fruit flavor oil comprises oleic (20%), linoleic (80%), stearic (5%) and palmitic (15%) of the acid as well as saponins, amino acids, citric acid and ascorbic acid, pectin, alkaloids, starch and potassium.
Passion fruit oil on the skin leaves a thin film, which is on one hand prevents moisture loss and on the other - allow the skin to breathe. Antioxidant vitamins that make up the oil, prevents premature aging of the skin and protect it from the negative impact of external factors. Other useful properties of passion fruit oil include:
- Stimulation of local blood circulation;
- Restore the protective lipid layer and the elasticity of the skin;
- The beneficial effects on inflamed and irritated skin.
Oil passion fruit is used in cosmetics for making:
- Massage oils;
- Moisturizing and regenerating creams;
- Creams, gels, masks for age, dry, oily and problem skin;
- Shower gels;
- Oils and creams for skin care after sun;
- Shampoo and conditioner for all hair types;
- Oils for split ends of hair;
- Medicated creams for eczema, psoriasis and desquamation.
Application of passion fruit
In the Caribbean, for medicinal purposes are widely used all parts of the Passion:
1. The leaves contain alkaloids, is used for a gradual reduction in blood pressure;
2. Flowers are used as a sedative and antispasmodic;
3. The fruits are used as concomitant therapy in the treatment of nervous disorders, bronchitis, asthma, arthritis, insomnia, gastrointestinal disorders and symptoms of menopause.
In the food consumed only fruits ripe passion fruit. They are usually eaten raw, cutting in half and eating away the flesh with a spoon. After storage for several days in a warm place saccharides content in fruits is increased.
Different countries have developed a variety of culinary tradition of using passion fruit:
- In Brazil, prepare mousses and juices of fruit pulp and seeds to decorate cakes;
- Hawaii, the Philippines and passion fruit, usually not cut and pierced after which the pulp as coconut, drinking through a straw;
- In Latin America, the fruit is traditionally eaten with lime and red pepper;
- Passion fruit syrup in the Dominican Republic usually served with fruit ice, and fruit - have sugar;
- Dessert of fruit plants with honey is a popular dish in Vietnam;
- In Australia, the passion fruit is traditionally cooked sweet sauces and eat their dessert for breakfast.
How to choose and store the fruits of passion
Passion fruit should choose well ripened and heavy for its size. The fruits with a slightly wrinkled skin, usually more sweet and delicious, and minor cuts and spots on their quality is not affected.
Store fruit should cool dark place, as a rule, no more than one week. In order to maintain long passion fruit, it is often sprinkled with a little sugar and frozen.
The use of passion fruit not recommended for people who have a tendency to allergic reactions, as well as with individual intolerance of the fruit.