Oregano or oregano - a perennial plant of the family Lamiaceae.
Its height is 70 cm. The plant is widespread in the territories of Europe and the Mediterranean. In our country, oregano grows almost everywhere except the Far North. It is unpretentious, oregano bushes can be found on the edges of forests, meadows, hills and growing among the bushes.
In different regions of Russia oregano can hide behind the name "motherboard", "amulet", "matserdushka" and others.
Oregano as a spice - it dried blossoms and leaves of the plant cultivated in the Mediterranean area. Oregano is a very pleasant and delicate aroma and spicy, with a slightly bitter taste.
The word "oregano" from the Greek language can be translated roughly as "joy of the mountains". Thousands of years ago, this was a popular spice in Egypt and Greece, where it was added to the dishes based on vegetables, meat or fish.
Widespread use of oregano found in the kitchens of Mexico, Italy and other countries on the Mediterranean coast.
Useful properties of oregano
The smell of oregano, which can not be confused with any other spice, not the only distinctive feature of oregano. This spice contains large amounts of antioxidants, avoiding at the same time, according to some reports, even blueberries. Antioxidants are designed to deal with the damaged cells of the body, slowing down its aging and significantly reduce the risk of cancer.
Carvacrol contained in the essential oil of oregano, effective against bacteria, viruses and parasites, trapped in the body, and prevents their further development and dissemination.
Another useful feature of oregano lies in its ability to arouse the appetite and facilitate the digestive process. Take oregano recommended for pain and cramps in the stomach, violations of the chair and bloating. Experts say that the use of oregano beneficial effects on the stomach, intestines, gall bladder and liver.
Oregano in cooking
Seasoning really often and abundantly used by chefs from the Mediterranean. However, true fans of oregano considered Italians. Rare pizza or pasta that is prepared without spices. It goes well with tomatoes oregano, mushrooms and cheese.
Hot sandwiches, cooked with oregano, acquire original and unique flavor, fresh taste. Cooks are also recommended to add seasoning soups, chicken, eggs and beans.
Anew will sound familiar foods - ham, salami, fish sauces - if they add a pinch of aromatic herbs.
Oregano is indispensable in cooking Caucasian peoples, where it is added in the production of delicacies. The Polish cuisine is especially popular dish of fish, stuffed with white bread and seasoned with this fragrant spice.
Also, add the oregano in the world-famous chili sauce, so pungent and acrid taste is softened, finding new sounds.
Seasoning can be mixed with basil, thyme, marjoram and pepper, as it is with these spices oregano sounds best, gently playing with the taste of each condiment.
Oregano is included in the mixture of spices, giving a delicate and playful scent of pies, homemade sausages and meat stuffing.
The use of oregano for medicinal purposes
Useful properties of oregano have been applied not only in the kitchens of the world, but also in medicine and cosmetics industry. So, oregano is used to give a fresh flavor dressing soap, cologne, toothpaste and lipstick.
Baths with the addition of oregano anciently considered means have a calming effect on the body and mind.
Rinse mouth with broth-based oregano helps get rid of inflammation in the oral cavity and respiratory diseases.