Semolina (semolina) - wheat flour.
Semolina is known and loved around the world for a long time. It is produced only from different wheat varieties. In the manufacture of semolina wheat grains previously cleaned and very crushed. The particle diameter of semolina is about 0, 30-0, 75 mm. Thanks to this strong refinement achieved high uniformity decoys.
By type of wheat grain semolina used can be soft (soft wheat), partially solid (mild with a 20% part of durum wheat) and hard (durum wheat).
Food value and caloric semolina
Useful properties of semolina are extremely diverse. It contains proteins, starch, as well as a large number of minerals and vitamins.
Thus, one hundred grams of semolina contained 0, 2 g saturated fatty acids, 0, 5 g of ashes, 68, 5 g of mono- and disaccharides, 14 g of water, and 3, 6 grams of dietary fiber.
100 grams of semolina contains 3 mg of vitamin E, 2, 55 mg of vitamin E, 23 mg vitamin B9, 0, 17 mg of vitamin B2, 0, 14 mg of vitamin B1.
100 grams of semolina contains 8, 9 g of titanium 3, 2 g tin, 11, 5 g nickel, 570 g alumina, 25 g cobalt 6 g of silicon, 103 g vanadium, 63 g of boron 11 3mkg molybdenum.
Furthermore, cereal contains 20 micrograms of fluoride, 1 g of chromium, 0, 44 mg of manganese, 0, 59 mg iron, 70 mg zinc and 2, 55 g of copper, 75 g sulfur, 21 g of chlorine, 85 mg phosphorus, 130 mg of potassium 18 g of magnesium and 20 mg of calcium.
Potassium is a part of semolina strengthens the cardiovascular system and helps iron function of red blood cells.
Vitamin E is composed of cereals allows full functionality of the nervous system. Therefore semolina helpful for depression, breakdowns and chronic fatigue.
Calorie semolina depends on the method of its preparation. In pure form, one hundred grams of semolina contains about 360-calories.
Calorie decoys significantly increased by the addition to her butter, condensed milk, or jam. Semolina in a pure form, cooked in water without salt and sugar, it is considered a dietary product. On this basis, semolina porridge equally possible to use for people suffering from malnutrition and overweight people. Nutritionists argue that the semolina is very useful in anemia.
Useful properties semolina
The main use of decoys is that it fairly quickly fall apart so easily absorbed by the body without causing the stomach irritant effect. Fiber in the rump limited, but in a large number contained starch and gluten. Minerals and vitamins in the semolina is less in comparison with other cereals.
Because of the many useful properties of semolina often include in the therapeutic diet for people suffering from diseases of the digestive system. An important use of decoys is that it is able to restore the vitality of the body and cure various diseases of the stomach. Semolina help calm spasms and gastritnye or ulcerative pain. Porridge from semolina and should be used for people suffering from kidney or heart failure.
The use of decoys in old age helps strengthen bones, nails and hair.
Dietary fiber semolina help reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease.
Munk - the only one of all known cereals, digestion is carried out in the lower intestine that helps to cleanse and eliminate mucus and excess fat.
Munk contains a lot of protein - gluten (gluten). In some people, eating gluten causes an allergic reaction, and intestinal upset. In addition, this protein can trigger the development of celiac disease (impaired digestion).
The composition includes a substance semolina phytin. Phytin phosphorus in the composition strongly binds calcium salts in the body and prevent their penetration into the blood plasma. Parathyroid glands swell the lack of calcium in the blood, removing them from human bones. Thus, the use of decoy brings only in its moderate use. Excessive use reduces the useful properties of semolina and reducing the required concentration of calcium in the blood. That is why children should not be given more than two servings of semolina for the day.
Ways to use semolina
Semolina cooked semolina, semolina cakes (Manica).
Often enriched semolina corn or oat flakes, cinnamon, vanilla, dried fruit, honey and other natural ingredients rich in nutrients and vitamins.
Krupa is an essential component of various puddings, casseroles, souffles, salads, soups.
Oriental cooks of semolina cooked unusual dish (meat and vegetables), difficult to prepare, but it is very nutritious and tasty.